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You most likely did not know that an inflamed thyroid gland can result in stress and anxiety problems. Thyroid inflammation is the swelling of the thyroid gland, and it is also known as thyroiditis. The swelling impairs the thyroid’s ability to produce its hormones at normal levels. While stress and anxiety are often psychological problems, studies show a connection between the two and thyroid inflammation.

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Typically, the thyroid gland produces hormones that impact the function of every part of your body. The thyroid utilizes iodine mineral from your diet to produce triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine hormones (T4). The endocrine chemicals are responsible for regulating your body’s metabolism and keeping your heart rate, and mood checked. When it gets inflamed, the thyroid’s cells die, and the gland cannot produce the essential hormones.  This, in turn, disrupts the gland’s ability to function appropriately, thus leading to impairment of the body’s metabolism and mood.

 

What Causes Thyroid Inflammation?

When it comes to thyroid inflammation, several culprits are involved. Autoimmune is one of the leading causes, while viral/bacterial infections, drugs, and radiation are the least causes. In most cases, the attack from autoimmune antibodies causes the gland to swell. Since autoimmune has the highest prevalence, physicians have identified several conditions responsible for thyroiditis. Read on to understand some of these thyroid inflammation diseases.

a. Grave’s Disease

Your immunity uses its thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (TSIs) to mimic the thyroid-stimulating hormone in this type of autoimmune disorder. The presence of these autoimmune antibodies tricks your thyroid into releasing excess T3 and T4 hormones in the bloodstream. When thyroid hormones exceed the normal levels, the metabolism rate in your body spikes.

 

Grave's Disease Common Symptoms
Grave’s Disease Common Symptoms

 

As a result, your thyroid gets inflamed, and you may also start experiencing several symptoms related to the high metabolism rate. Grave’s disease’s most common symptoms include heat intolerance, weight loss, sweating, heart palpitations, restlessness, shortness of breath, and exercise intolerance. Additionally, patients may experience mental related problems, such as anxiety, stress, and insomnia.

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b. Hashimoto’s Disease

According to the studies, Hashimoto’s disease has the highest prevalence of thyroid diseases in the USA. In Hashimoto’s disease, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland’s cells by destroying them, thus compromising its ability to function adequately. The impaired thyroid cannot release sufficient thyroid hormones, which are essential in regulating the metabolic processes in the body. This results in inflammation of the gland and can enlarge to form a goiter. Hashimoto’s disease presents with shortness of breath, weight gain, constipation, fatigue, cold intolerance mood disorders including depression, exercise intolerance, among others.

 

Symptoms of Thyroid Inflammation

Symptoms of thyroid inflammation may vary depending on the inflammation intensity. Since the gland affects many body parts, signs might be emanating from different types of the body. As the disease progresses, most patients experience a mix of symptoms, including mental health problems, among other physiological problems. Have a look at some of the symptoms you can expect when suffering from thyroiditis:

  • Unusual anxiety
  • Unexplainable stress
  • Gastrointestinal problems: Some of the symptoms include nausea, unusual increase or decrease of appetite, and increased bowel emptying
  • General body sickness: This may present with sweating, lethargy, pain, feeling cold, and heat intolerance
  • Unusual increase or decrease in weight
  • Shortness of breath
  • Exercise intolerance
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia

 

Diagnosis of Thyroid Inflammation

The diagnosis of thyroid inflammation depends on the intensity of the inflammation. Sometimes, patients may not understand the unusual health issues they are going through. For instance, a patient who experiences unusual anxiety, stress, or depression is given anti-anxiety meds or antidepressants. While the drugs will help stabilize the mental conditions, the primary problem is left untreated. Therefore, it is essential to understand the various symptoms of thyroid inflammation so that your doctor can make a prompt diagnosis. For a thyroid to diagnosis to be made, your doctor will request the following tests:

  • Thyroid Functional Test: This aims to determine the level of T3, T4, and TSH in your blood. Abnormal levels of these hormones will be a sign of thyroid inflammation.
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR): The test establishes the intensity of thyroid inflammation by determining the rate at which red cells sediments.

 

Symptoms of Thyroiditis
Symptoms of Thyroiditis

 

  • Thyroid Antibody Test: Assesses for any autoimmune antibodies in the blood. The autoimmune antibodies are usually high in autoimmune thyroiditis.
  • Radioactive Iodine Uptake (RAIU):  Determines the amount of iodine mineral absorbed by your thyroid.
  • Sonogram of the Thyroid: Your doctor will ask for this imaging to assess your thyroid’s structure. The physician will also note any changes in the expected size, texture, and blood circulation of the gland.

 

How Is Thyroid Inflammation Treated?

Indeed, going through thyroiditis can be devastated, primarily because it affects the quality of life. Even so, you don’t have to feel overwhelmed since the condition can be treatable, and you can continue enjoying life. Typically, treatment depends on the stage, type, and symptoms of thyroid inflammation.

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  • Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and cortisone to manage thyroidal pain and inflammation.
  • Beta-blockers help alleviates heart palpitations, tremors, and sweating.
  • Radioactive iodine aims at shrinking the enlarged thyroid.
  • Anti-thyroid medications, such as propylthiouracil and methimazole
  • Thyroidectomy: This may be necessary when other treatment modalities are not applicable.
  • Grave’s Ophthalmopathy can be treated by using artificial tears or undergoing Orbital decompression surgery.
  • Use of hormone replacement therapy to manage hypothyroidism.
  • Antibiotics medications to treat thyroid inflammation resulting from an infection

Nowadays, physicians are applying innovations and tests to help make a prompt diagnosis of thyroid inflammation disorders. If you start experiencing stress and anxiety, among other thyroiditis symptoms, contact your GP immediately. Additionally, if you know of someone suffering from thyroid inflammation symptoms, ensure you refer them to a reliable physician.

If you want to know whether thyroid inflammation could be causing your unexplainable anxiety and stress, look no further. Put a stop to suffering in silence by booking an appointment with experienced doctors from the Mango Clinic.

 

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Many people with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) may also struggle with alcohol abuse. Estimates show 2-13% of the general population have SAD, making the health condition list among the most common disorders—only behind depression and alcoholism. It’s not a coincidence, then, that these disorders frequently occur together.

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Between SAD and Alcoholism, which condition usually comes first? For a subject diagnosed with both disorders, there’s a relatively higher probability a SAD diagnosis preceded alcohol abuse.

Link Between Anxiety and Alcoholism

A considerable number of people start drinking as a means of dealing with social anxiety. But over time, subjects develop alcohol addiction, which becomes a growing problem in its own right. Alcoholism hurts personal relationships, affecting the way an individual interacts either at school or in the workplace and may even result in the subject having issues with the law.

 

alcohol use disorder
Social anxiety can get you alcohol addiction

 

Apart from serving as depressant alcohol also plays the role of a sedative, with some people often using it to unwind.  A level of relaxation sets in as a subject’s Blood Alcohol Count (BAC) rises, and a considerable number of people may opt to use this strategy to curb stress in their lives.

Even so, the use of alcohol as a means to mitigate anxiety is a tactic that often backfires. Based on the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), prolonged drinking is a probable cause of mental health issues. Substance-induced anxiety may arise in subjects’ with other anxiety disorders like GAD, and acquiring this new anxiety problem only exacerbates the impact of the initial disorder.

According to the Anxiety & Depression Association of America (ADAA), 20% of people struggling with social anxiety also deal with some form of alcohol-related dependency.

While alcohol may tentatively reduce anxiety momentarily, it can also aggravate anxiety concerns within a relatively short duration after consumption. Even moderate amounts of alcohol can have a considerable effect on anxiety capable of lasting for many hours.

Some studies show excessive consumption of alcohol can also result in the rewiring of the brain. Such concerns can further expose an individual to the development of anxiety issues. Aside from increasing an individual’s susceptibility for a traumatic event—often leading to post-traumatic stress health disorders—changes perhaps occurring in a subject’s brain may be sufficient to bring about a rise in their anxiety issues as well.

As earlier stated, alcohol abuse often gives rise to physical dependence on the substance. What’s more, the concern can bring about withdrawal symptoms once the alcohol leaves the subject’s system. Individuals may, after that, experience specific symptoms, including unusual sweating, shivering, nausea, and heart palpitation.

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Treatment Options for Co-Occurring Anxiety Disorders and Alcohol Abuse

Even though some individuals use alcohol as a strategy of dealing with anxiety, the adverse effects of this form of self-medication significantly outweigh any of the temporary affirmative relief a subject may experience.

ADAA specifies that treating a substance abuse concern does not necessarily eradicate a concurrent anxiety problem. Preferably, medics should treat both conditions in tandem. Assuming one of the two issues remains unresolved, the probability of a relapse of the other condition escalates.

If an individual exhibits symptoms of co-occurring disorders, primarily one disorder acts as a trigger for the other condition. For instance, anxiety is usually a stimulant for alcohol abuse.

As such, if you only address the alcohol concern, anxiety will remain to be a recurring problem for the individual. Furthermore, the prospects are considerably high in the subject relapsing to alcohol abuse as a means of addressing the health problem.

It’s, therefore, vital to select a treatment plan that can cover both co-occurring disorders. Physicians have to apply caution when prescribing medications to resolve anxiety issues, especially in the use of benzodiazepines because these medications can be considered addictive.

Because the subjects may have a history of substance abuse, the likelihood of them abusing these benzodiazepine prescriptions increases. Physicians may, therefore, use medications with lower chances of abuse besides utilizing holistic treatment interventions that might also include close supervision.

 

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Step by step treatment can provide improvement in your mental-being.

 

Use of Therapy

For many people struggling with both alcoholism and anxiety disorders, therapy can prove to be an ideal treatment option. Physicians widely regard Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as an effective management program in addressing clinical cases of co-occurring alcoholism and anxiety problems. This treatment plan focuses on changing an individual’s thought patterns to alter the resulting behavioral patterns.

What Exactly Does All this Mean For You?

You must be aware of any comorbidity—meaning the presence of simultaneous chronic disorders. Such conditions apply to individuals dealing with both alcoholism and anxiety disorders. Treatment plans may also need to conform to the concurrence of multiple conditions and hence involve an integrated approach that broadly caters to recovery plans on all fronts.

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Do you struggle with both anxiety conditions and alcoholism? Our physicians and therapists at Mango Clinic can help you resolve the two issues you’re going through. Together we can design a treatment plan that will support you in overcoming the difficulties.

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Did you know that it is a normal occurrence to experience anxiety and depression at some point in life due to the irrational dread of everyday situations? While you may group it generally as a mental health disorder, anxiety and depression is an umbrella term defining psychiatric disorders manifesting in the form of extreme fear, panic attacks, selective mutism, social anxiety disorder, and agoraphobia. Whenever such conditions are persistent, severe, uncontrollable, and capable of disabling you from undertaking daily activities, it turns out to be a serious medical condition with a similar level of seriousness as physical illnesses such as heart attacks.

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Anxiety and Depression Symptoms

One of the facts about the condition is that it is different from the normal experience of nervousness, causing reactions that may be out of proportion. Depression and anxiety may manifest in the form of emotional symptoms, physical symptoms, or a combination of both. Specific symptoms that you should watch out for include:

  • Lethargy
  • Poor sleeping patterns
  • Reduced self-confidence
  • Feelings of agitation
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • A persistent low mood
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Lack of interest in activities that were once enjoyable
  • A sudden decline in appetite

 

causes of anxiety in men
What Causes Depression and Anxiety in Men?

 

What Causes Anxiety and Depression?

Although anxiety is caused by a build-up of stress in most cases, your children may develop the condition due to the use of certain medications, and perhaps this is why approximately 8% of the children develop the condition from an early age. Specific medical conditions that may bring anxiety include diabetes, thyroid problems, diabetes, chronic pain, rare tumors, and certain heart diseases. These conditions will cause anxiety and depression because they drive you to a state of flight or fight which is associated with extreme stress. If you have attempted to withdraw from drugs and substances of abuse, this could be a cause of anxiety and depression as well, rendering it necessary to seek addiction help alongside treatment for the two conditions. You should understand that it is one of the most prevalent mental health issues, affecting up to 30% of adults in life. It is worth noting that anxiety and depression occur separately in most circumstances, but almost half of the people diagnosed with anxiety end up developing depressive symptoms, which renders it difficult to treat the combined mental health conditions.

 

How about the Role of Genetics in Anxiety and Depression?

Genetics plays a contributory role in the development of this condition, especially if one or both of your parents suffered from the condition at any point. Genetics is even more influential whenever it is combined with environmental experiences such as the trauma of losing your loved one. If you underwent any form of abuse while growing up and it was repressed without professional mental help, this could also work alongside genetics to contribute to the two conditions.

 

Is depression a genetic disease?
Does Depression Pass Down Genetically?

 

There are Natural Remedies which Mitigate or help in Managing Symptoms of Anxiety

It is evident through medical research and therapy that even 20 minutes of physical exercise occasionally could help in easing pressure and subsequently reducing the symptoms of depression and anxiety such as extreme fear. Meditation is also recommended as another natural remedy, alongside foods or diets which could help you in reducing such symptoms. If you consume clean and healthy foods that contain probiotics, Omega-3 fatty acids, and b-vitamins, you are likely to experience less severe symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Anxious? You are more likely to be Sensitive and Reactive to Changes in Facial Expression

If you are depressed or anxious, it is more likely that you will be quick to notice and react to changes in facial expression, especially in social situations. It is associated with the perception that people have noticed your mental health problem, but statistics indicate that you are less accurate in most of the cases. It should not be a cause for social isolation because, with increased visibility, you will benefit from greater social support, considering that there is no shame in seeking help.

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Anxiety and Depression are Manageable

Anxiety and depression are treatable and sometimes manageable, although the speed of recovery differs from one individual to another. It is a fact that only one-third of the people suffering from these conditions receive proper treatment and education, a direction that you should avoid because it could exacerbate the condition from mild to severe. There are a variety of treatment options, including medical therapy using antidepressants. The lifestyle choices that you make will also determine how well you manage the conditions, and the most preferred include:

  • Exercising with friends
  • Seeking greater social support
  • Engaging in meditation
  • Eating meals with plenty of nuts and Omega-3 fatty acids

Conclusively, depression and anxiety are not conditions that should push you into social isolation because the mood swings in such a state only exacerbate the condition. Professional advice is your portion of healthy living, even when battling with depressive symptoms. It is time to book an appointment with Mango Clinic and mitigate the conditions through our multi-modal strategies.

 

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By now, you have discovered that depression may not be a state you can snap out of at will. This benign state of mental health guts down and takes all zest out of life. Unfortunately, in some cases, it may not be obvious to others that a person is depressed and in need of attention. Today we offer our support through these seven tested and workable ways to get your life back.

Depression affects everybody, from young children to the aged. Fortunately, these remedies come tailor-made to bring wellness regardless of the age group.

 

1.  Medical Intervention

In many circles, people are oblivious to the fact that depression is a medical problem that requires intervention from a doctor or pharmacotherapy. Antidepressants are used to alleviate this emotional disorder. Depression is relatively widespread in society with one out of ten people in America using antidepressants on prescription.

An insight into the nature of these drugs highlights the most effective of them as well, as the accompanying side effects. Note that it may take several weeks before you notice any positive effects of these medications.

 

Depression's effective medications
Effective Medications for Depression

 

Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCA)

These treat acute depressive disorders by increasing the production of serotonin and norepinephrine. They conversely reduce acetylcholine production and therefore balancing neurotransmitters to stabilize mood disorders. The drugs manage patients with an imbalance of neurotransmitters.

While under TCA therapy, many patients notice these side effects in varying degrees:

  • Hypersensitivity
  • They sedate causing drowsiness
  • Dryness of the mouth
  • Low blood pressure and dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Palpitations
  • Hives and rashes
  • Change in body weight

 

Common examples of these drugs are Amitriptyline, Doxepin, and Amoxapine. These drugs cause some level of dependency, even with just a few doses. This means that abrupt discontinuation of their use will cause withdrawal symptoms. For that reason, you should not use these drugs without a prescription and constant monitoring by a doctor.

 

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

Brains cells send out signals, which need a neurotransmitter like serotonin to deliver them to the target cells. The brain cells secrete the neurotransmitter and then absorb it and release it again to send out the next signal. This absorption and release of the neurotransmitter is a process called reuptake.

Depression inhibits the functioning of the parts of the brain that transmit signals using serotonin. These antidepressants block the reuptake process and facilitate the accumulation of serotonin to achieve optimum neurotransmission.

SSRIs are the safest among antidepressants because they have mild and fewer side effects. Some examples of these include Prozac, Zoloft, Celexa, and Paroxetine.

Of the side effects of SSRI use, the most worrying is the possible development of suicidal thoughts in some people. In rare circumstances too, they can lead to serotonin syndrome. Other common side effects include:

  • Dizziness
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Stomach discomfort and diarrhea
  • Drowsiness
  • Anxiety
  • Sexual dysfunction and low libido
  • Insomnia

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Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)

Few people use this class of antidepressants today because of their side effects. Notable of this is the dietary restriction where the drugs cause a severe reaction when taken amid the consumption of tyramine containing foods. If you are required to take these medicines, you must avoid foods and condiments like soy sauce, nuts, aged cheese and meat, and alcohol.

Another precaution is the occurrence of serotonin syndrome, a potentially fatal condition caused by combining MAOIs with other serotonin-boosting foods or drugs. They also contribute to the risk of developing hypertension. Other side effects include:

  • Skin reaction like a rash
  • Insomnia
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Gastrointestinal disturbances

Emsam, Phenelzine, Isocarboxazid, and Tranylcypromine comprise some drugs in this group. They work by inhibiting the effects of monoamine oxidase, which disintegrates serotonin. Without disintegration of serotonin, the neurotransmitter increases and eventually decreases depression.

Serotonin Syndrome manifests symptoms like:

  • Confusion
  • Palpitations and rapid heartbeat
  • High body temperature
  • Lack of consciousness

These require emergency medical attention. Apart from the mentioned side effects of those antidepressants, you should notify your doctor of any other discomfort experienced while under their therapy.

 

2.  Psychosocial Support

Dark moods love solitude. In such situations, keeping to yourself and enjoying your own company will not further your cause in your road to recovery. Hooking up with other people goes beyond dusting your social media profile and adding to your list of casual online acquaintances.

Suffice to say you can make some real and enduring friendships on Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp. However, mental health concerns call for supportive interpersonal relationships with people you meet with often.

Surrounding yourself with a warm and understanding circle of friends and family encourages conversations about issues that cause anxiety. With their reassurances and help find yourself suitable anxiety treatment and get new strength to face challenges that overwhelm your spirit.

It’s understandable that you prefer to be by yourself or you’re feeling a bit rusty for the social scene. Have faith as we promise that these following tips will get you back on the show to rekindle old friendships and build new ones.

 

Effective therapies for depression
Effective Therapies from Depression

 

Have more family meals

Have you been turning down those persistent invites to the weekly family lunch or dinner? Sharing meals with your family enhances the emotional adjustment that we need to cope with life. Experts emphasize that people committed to having about five dinners with their families produce better results at work and school.

Family dinners often provide a warm environment where family members unwind as they discuss their achievements and struggles of the day. What better way to find inner peace other than a hearty home-cooked meal relished with banter with people who allow you to be yourself? Such a stable family atmosphere provides an anchor for a person experiencing depressive feelings. It’s a healthy way to deal with stress and depression.

 

Get back with old friends

Although making new friends is encouraged, old and trusted friends will serve better. They understand and tolerate your quirks and encourage you to keep your chin up. Besides, you have a lot in common. Make time in your schedule to join them for some chitchat or for a fun activity that you all enjoy.

Even if you may not feel confident to discuss your cloudy feelings with them, you will find those simple things like returning their calls, or going out to dinner, a picnic, or for an excursion in such a company lights you up considerably.

 

Exercise with a friend

Although the benefits of a workout done individually is an answer to good health, going for a jog or to the gym with a workout partner motivates you to maintain your exercise schedule. Workout companions become accountability partners encouraging each other to stick it out to the end.

Besides, studies show that the positive emotional effect of exercise done in groups or with a partner can prevail up to 24 hours after the session. You can also explore learning a sport or joining a team. The physical exertion relieves stress and pent-up tension.

 

Seek solace in others

Contending with depression is a state that one out three people in America finds themselves in through the course of life. This means that you are not alone in this situation. Confide in a trusted and sincere companion about your plight.

Sometimes it could happen that a person’s behavior could be the source of your distress. It would appear that talking it out with the person is a step towards healing. Unresolved issues can cause feelings of extreme desperation, even suicidal at times. Sharing our concerns with loved ones brings us emotional support and hope for a solution to our distress.

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Offer voluntary services

Many people in our society need our support and attention. We find channels of offering assistance by engaging in acts of charity through organizations in our neighborhoods. By engaging with the less privileged, we are able to divert our attention from introspection to noticing the unfortunate circumstances of others.

Also, the intrinsic reward of helping those in need bolsters self-confidence and makes us feel needed and appreciated.

 

Engaging in hobbies

Hobbies provide an opportunity to engage in favorite pastimes that gratify us. Some like music and crafts help in channeling of attention and emotions towards the activity instead of the personal emotional state.

The therapeutic nature of music depends on its genre. Soothing melodies lower cortisol, the stress-causing hormone, while loud and fast music pumps it up increasing stress and depression. This is an opportune time to sign up for that music class.

 

3.  Appropriate Nutrition

The thought of your favorite comfort food is appealing. Often comfort food gets the unfair label of unhealthy food. Of course, we know the physical effects of poor dietary habits. These cause health complications like obesity, hypertension, and diabetes. These complications further increase stress and depression and can leave a big dent on self-esteem.

However, nutrition plays a role in mental health.  Any factors that affect blood sugar or the cardiovascular system also affect the brain. This is because the brain also conducts metabolic processes for which it requires energy and nutrients.

Sometimes all it takes is a good meal to lift your mood. Nevertheless, there is more to food as an antidepressant. The food contains crucial depression-fighting components to become a source of healing.

 

Omega-3 fatty acids

Fats and oils do not make it to the healthy foods list due to the implications of bad cholesterol. This nutritional component builds up serotonin levels to balance your mood. Your body, however, needs portions of oils like the Omega-3, which you can find in select foods.

  • Seafood and fish

Tuna, salmon, and sardines top the list as the best sources of Omega-3 fatty acids and proteins. By the way that fishing trip will not only bring back your smile but will also bump up your omega-3 options. Apparently, wild-caught fish offer higher omega-3 content than canned fish off the shelf.

  • Nuts

Hazelnuts, cashew nuts, and walnuts are a crunchy source of omega-3 fatty acids from the plant world. Study shows that people who consume nuts record scores of lower than 26% in depression prevalence tests.

 

Food to avoid during depression
Foods to Avoid During Depression

 

Flavonoids

These increase blood supply to the brain and keep you alert by improving your cognitive functions. You will get your share of flavonoids in dark chocolate and this explains the relaxing feeling from eating chocolate. Dark chocolate reduces depressive feelings by about 70% by boosting serotonin levels.

  • Tryptophan

This is another serotonin booster. You will find ample amounts of tryptophan in:

  • Ripe bananas

Munching away at a banana or two daily lowers stress levels and depression and that’s why it’s called the happy fruit.

  • Poultry meat

If the thought of chicken breasts lights up your day then you are on your way to recovery. Regardless of the recipe you choose, your serving of chicken is white meat and a source of the recommended lean proteins you need to fuel your brain functions.

  • Zinc

Zinc deficiency causes many anomalies in body functions. Of these complications is the inadequate production of neurotransmitters. Eggs are a rich source of zinc and proteins, probably the reason why they pick you up when you take them for breakfast.

Even as you consume these mood boosters, remember that a balanced meal in adequate portions goes a long way in maintaining your overall wellness. In addition to that, ensure you take plenty of water to flush out toxins. Body cells need hydration to perform their functions and for replication.

From that, you may find it advisable to explore the possibility of consulting a nutritionist for dietary advice that can help in overcoming depression.

 

4.  Lifestyle Choices for Wellness

In our quest for good mental health, we cannot understate the role our lifestyle choices play in sustained wellness. Every step in our daily lives goes to painting the large picture of our mental health. If you repeatedly feel bogged down and deflated, it might help to look around you and see that some of these activities we take for granted can be the game changers you yearn for.

 

A session on the meditation mat

Many cultures have used meditation for centuries as a way of achieving mental balance. The calming effect of sitting in a quiet place or having a yoga session is a therapy proved to relieve stress and reduce the ravages of depression.

Neurologists found that meditation restructures and strengthens pathways used as neuronal circuits by the brain. It exercises the less used channels and in the end, it builds your overall mental abilities.

Some experts recommend meditation as an alternative in manipulating behavioral patterns. The brain exercise counters its deterioration, which would otherwise lead to mental issues like dementia, agitation, depression, and amnesia.

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Curl up with your book

When you hear that books transport us to another world, that journey wouldn’t come at a better time than when you’re trying to keep dark thoughts away. As you become absorbed in the content, it becomes a needed distraction from self-defeating thoughts.

Some books also contain information that boosts self-affirming thoughts to encourage you to take a proactive role in coping with your situation.

Research is ongoing on the role of books in restructuring the brain and enhancing the production of mood-boosting hormones. Whichever way, a relevant book can help you find inner peace and change your perspective for brighter days ahead.

 

Keep it real

Sometimes life can make us feel worthless when we commit our focus on competing with others. Chasing amorphous lifestyle standards set by social media posts can make us feel as though we do not measure up.

Avoiding such hype and not chasing fads and trends is one way of avoiding unnecessary mental torture. Consider switching off your social media handles and taking a fresh outlook on your life, including appreciating your achievements and dignity.

Also, such interactive platforms can expose you to trolling and distressing information. Ambition in life is good but in excess, it is a source of mental anguish and depression. Separate yourself from associations, whether online or offline that put excessive pressure on you to change your identity. Maintaining relationships that perpetually take the wind out of your sails will obstruct your road to recovery.

 

Are you getting enough sleep?

Inadequate sleep makes us grouchy. Any change in your sleep patterns should act as an alert that things are getting out of balance in your life. Adequate sleep rejuvenates the brain and assists it to regenerate. Sleep disorders play a part in the manifestation of anxiety and depressive tendencies.

Sleep disorders can exhibit insomnia exhibit as insomnia where you unwittingly become a night owl. Count on a sleepless night to keep you fatigued and irritable from the moment you step out of bed. On the other hand, a sleep disorder can manifest in excessive drowsiness or irregular sleep with periods of unexplained night awakening.

You can improve your schedule and surroundings to boost your sleep quality and reduce the latent period in these ways:

  • Making your bed and keeping your bedroom tidy and well aerated
  • Taking a short walk before bedtime
  • Adhering to a sleep timetable
  • Keeping the bedroom light dim or switching it off when going to sleep
  • Having a gentle massage
  • Limiting consumption of alcohol or stimulants like caffeinated drinks before bedtime, and instead of taking a soothing glass of warm milk
  • Switching off your phone to avoid interrupted sleep
  • Taking a warm relaxing bath and if possible with calming essential oils like lavender

 

As you can see, it does not take much to get yourself well-rested. However, if you still have difficulty sleeping, and it is affecting your life, you can talk to a sleep therapist or a doctor to explore other viable alternatives.

 

how to get healthy sleep with depression
5 Tips to Have a Restful Sleep with Depression

 

Take a shower

After a good night’s sleep, what better way to get your brain back on active mode than a brisk shower. Not only is it refreshing, but it also encourages increased feelings of self-worth and self-care.

An appealing physical appearance improves mood greatly. You can consider hitting a spa, the barbershop, or a salon for some tender and loving care. You can also look in your closet for some attractive pieces to spruce your appearance, and throw some wow into your day.

 

Each day is a step

As you embark on your way to recovery, keep it at heart that this is a very personal journey. Move at your pace and exploit therapies that you feel work the best for you. You can keep a journal to chronicle your progress and to vocalize feelings and thoughts for relief.

It is alright to take naps or have some quiet time by yourself if you feel the need. If you are you have been on medication, take your drugs faithfully, and keep up with counseling sessions to hasten your recovery.

However, avoid mopping around all day. Findings show that even small tasks like cleaning up your house, sitting out in the sun or under the stars, opening the windows to let in natural light, and any preferences you have in making your surroundings cozy boost wellness considerably.

 

Cook your way out of moodiness

Activities with goals in focus form a good therapeutic session. They heal the brain and encourage their stimulation. Cooking strengthens your brain to cope with stress. You must wonder how. For one, the aromas from food relax your brain. Also, the physical exertion of cooking activities, though mild, stimulates the mind.

The experience brings even greater rewards if you have company chipping in to help in preparing the meal and then cleaning up after. This is a chance for heartwarming and relaxing conversation as you spend quality time with loved ones.

 

Try some soothing tunes

We find most music uplifting and entertaining. Researchers take this a notch higher by recommending music therapy or a sound bath for depressive therapy. Soothing music separate from banging cacophony eases stress in the brain which releases alpha brainwaves.

If you can find music with about 60 beats per minute, experts say it would be best for promoting the alpha brainwaves’ production. Turn to your favorite tunes to lull or stimulate your brain depending on the cause of your low spirits.

 

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Reconnect with nature

The feel of the wind in the hair, the tickle of grass under your bare feet, and the sun in your face- these are the small joys of life. You probably haven’t noticed them in a while. Going for a walk and taking in the exuberating yet calming displays of nature is another way of protecting mental health.

Such exposure prevents or slows down the progression of mental illnesses like Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, and depression. These outdoor activities encourage the body to release endorphins which in turn reduce stress levels.

A sedentary lifestyle attracts numerous health complications. Regular nature walks form part of the exercise that you need for better physical health and to clear the mind. Alongside nature walks, if your circumstances allow, you can engage in gardening or nature conservation activities to help you release pent up stress.

 

5.   Psychotherapy Support

Of the many approaches advanced in the search for effective management of depression, psychotherapy is one of the most documented and approved options. Talking to someone lessens mental burdens, and it helps when the listener is a trained therapist.

It has evolved over the years and its presentation varies depending on the patient’s condition and responsiveness. Therapy can take about four months depending on the acuity of the problem.

This therapy explores different relationships to correct any dysfunctions in them that could be the cause of mental stress for a member. Most types of counseling dwell on the interpersonal  role of the client in a relationship and addresses matters concerning:

  • Distressing incidents like the loss of a loved one
  • Personal loss due to the removal of a significant aspect of personal life like loss of a job
  • Role alteration where you take on a new role due to a change in a relationship for example in a marriage or after a divorce
  • Role conflict where a relationship is weakened by the failure of a participant to take up the expected role in it, for example, an absentee parent or spouse

Therapy sessions can take any or a combination of the following forms:

 

Group therapy

In this scenario, the therapist convenes a group of individuals who present closely related emotional problems. The members take turns in discussing their situations and phobias. The therapist then addresses the concerns and guides with measures that will assist the members in overcoming what overwhelms them.

Group therapy encourages the cultivation of social interaction within the members of the support group. Out of such associations, members feel accountable to take charge of their recovery processes. Members also feel normal and encouraged when they freely share their problems with others in the group who are conversant with the challenges of coping with depression.

 

Health problems that cause depression
Other Health Problems that Cause Depression

 

Individual Sessions

Though not so popular today, individual therapy gives the patient a chance at exploring issues they feel are private and need confidentiality. Such sessions also help in resolving personal conflicts and facing deep fears that may be the cause of depression.

 

Family therapy

Here, as the name suggests, the willing family members participate in the counseling session to help uncover the issues causing mental distress. Together they explore ways of supporting the depressed member to overcome.

Psychiatrists, counseling psychologists, and clinical social workers conduct therapy sessions after acquiring relevant training and certification.

 

6.  Alternative and Modern Therapy

Treatment for depression has made great strides over the years and new and innovative procedures now exist. Studies show that these new ideas of approaching mental illness are effective, just like some of the traditional methods.

Acupuncture

Ancient medical practitioners of the Orient gifted the world acupuncture as a method of relieving many types of mental and physical discomforts. Not only has acupuncture been effective, but it has stood the test of time and is favored today as a therapeutic procedure.

An acupuncture session involves inserting hair-thin needles into specific points on the body and this facilitates relief. Through this thought process, the body is encouraged to heal itself by producing antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving chemicals.

In the case of depression, acupuncture brings about the production of neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin. In the end, it balances the mood and regulates behavior to ease depression.

 

How emotional support animal help with depression
How Emotional Support Animal can Help with Depression

 

Emotional Support Animal Therapy

Taking care of an animal as a pet brings emotional comfort and experts cannot understate the positive impact of a pet’s unconditional affection on mental imbalances. Dogs, dolphins, and horses come highly recommended for the program.

The idea of emotional support animals is based on training an animal and registering it to provide specific support to people who have challenges in coping with daily responsibilities.

The challenges could arise from a physical or mental debilitation, or when a patient needs palliative care due to a chronic or terminal illness.

Authorities allow holders to travel with the animals. The certified professional in charge of your animal gives you an ESA letter of recommendation to allow you to take the animal with you even to animal restricted areas and without requiring a pet deposit fee.

Well, as the animal becomes a faithful and fun companion, the patient focuses on taking care of it which reduces introspection and depression. The animals, especially the canines receive training to assist the patient in running some errands. What better way to bring your smile back than playing fetch with your furry friend!

 

Virtual Reality Technology

Research and testing of new methodologies in the alleviation of mentally distressing conditions continue. These efforts have brought forth breakthroughs in the use of virtual reality technology as a remedy.

This is where a patient wears motion sensors that simulate 3D experiences which alter the perception of an authentic environment. They exploit three processes involving distraction, exposure, and training of the mind.

The 3D experience can be used to conjure pleasing and calming virtual settings as a distraction from negative thoughts. The training aspect of this therapy lets the practitioner use it to train the patient’s mind to unlearn negative responses to worrying situations. This premise holds that depressive behavior can be unlearned by exposing the brain to repeated acceptable stimulation.

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7.  Choosing Positive Thoughts

Everybody wishes to lead a happy life full of vigor and productivity. The challenges of daily life can bog you down and cloud your emotions. Nevertheless, you can fight back these feelings by choosing to focus on positive aspects and believing that things will work out anyhow.

To do this successfully, you can engage in activities you enjoy to distract you from the overwhelming sadness.

Make a conscious choice to appreciate the many positive things going for you instead of focusing on the dark aspects of your life, even imagined ones.

 

Have some chamomile tea

What makes chamomile tea special? Unlike other types of tea, chamomile contains chrysin and flavonoids. These elements induce relaxation and sleep. Its other benefits include its functions as an:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-ulcer
  • Antioxidant
  • Antispasmodic
  • Antifungal

 

Seek out happy larks

If you keep the company of gloomy people, their mood will rub on to you. Joy can be infectious and the kind of company you expose yourself to can gradually affect your mental health. Hanging around happy people encourages you to adopt healthy and positive behavior and attitudes that help you to sustain your recovery.

In the case of group and family therapy, such companions will lift your spirits and offer a shoulder to lean on when you feel out of sorts.

 

How to control negative thoughts
How to Take Control of Your Negative thoughts

 

Enjoy the shopping mall

Taking some time from your schedule to go out for some groceries is another way of distracting yourself. The attractive array of fresh farm produce at the grocery whets your appetite and you can start visualizing your exploits when you get back to your kitchen. You see this takes away your mind from your depressive thoughts.

The shopping mall indulges your eyes with its variety of products of different sizes, colors, and shapes, aisles upon aisles of numerous options. What about going to your favorite boutique and trying on some clothes, and a stopover at the free makeover for your face. The possibilities seem endless and your joy abounds.

 

Avoid retrogressive habits

Avoid engaging in habits that provide momentary pleasure but backtrack your recovery. Taking alcohol or narcotics and engaging in binge eating later eat into your self-esteem and overall health. Such behaviors deepen your depression and expose you to addictions and other mental health problems.

 

Enjoy Life

In the end, you are in control of your destiny even if it does not feel like it. By committing yourself to a recovery schedule, you focus your will and effort into leading a happy and fruitful life. Remember too, that the quality of our lives affects those around us.

Fortunately, the road to recovery is sure and you will come out healthier and more positive of the circumstances in your life to enjoy your life fully.

Book an appointment with MangoClinic to get rid of depression and anxiety.

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The-Ultimate-2020-Guide-1200x628.jpg

 

Anxiety affects so many people worldwide that it qualifies to be labeled a modern plague. The mental disorder already contributes significantly to the rise of the global mortality rate. What makes it one of the biggest health concerns of our generation is that its effects can be felt deeply by the families and loved ones of the affected individuals.

Contrary to popular belief, anxiety is not just a mental illness that changes how your brain works. Its negative impact can be so severe that it affects all aspects of daily life.

Some of the notable first victims of anxiety are your self-esteem, economic well-being, day-to-day life, and finally, romantic and social relationships. Anxiety quietly escalates from a tool of personal torment to a chaotic force that wreaks havoc on a person’s entire livelihood.

As luck would have it, anxiety is not a problem that goes away if you ignore it. As a matter of fact, turning a blind eye to the problem always leads to severe repercussions. The first step to solving any problem, especially one as devious and persistent as anxiety disorder, is to learn all you can about it.

Get your anxiety checked today!

 

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In this guide, I uncover the truths and realities of anxiety disorder to equip you with all the tools you need to rid yourself of the debilitating condition. In addition to its origins, causes, signs, and symptoms, I will discuss the various treatment strategies for anxiety, including the appropriate homeopathic and pharmaceutical avenues you can take to manage its symptoms.

By the end of this comprehensive anxiety guide, you will understand everything about the mental condition, including the underlying causes, triggers, and how it manifests. You will also learn how to effectively manage the mild, moderate, and severe symptoms of anxiety, and how to permanently break free from the vice-like grip of anxiety disorder.

 

Table of Contents 

Chapter 1 – Anxiety and Its Historical Expressions

Chapter 2 – The Etiology, Pathophysiology, and Complications of Anxiety

Chapter 3 – Classification of Anxiety Disorders (And their Signs and Symptoms)

Chapter 4 – Self-Diagnosis and Screening Tools for Anxiety

Chapter 5 – Recent Findings from Anxiety Research (2020 Update)

Chapter 6 – How to Manage Anxiety without Medication

Chapter 7 – Treating Anxiety with Anxiolytic Drugs

Chapter 8 – How to Overcome an Anxiety Attack on Your Own 

Chapter 9 – Anxiety Success Stories and Emotional Support Animal (ESA) Tidbits

 

Chapter 1- Anxiety and Its Historical Expressions

What is anxiety?

Why do we get anxious?

How long have human beings been dealing with the adversities of anxiety disorder?

This chapter defines and explains what anxiety is, where it comes from, and when it is classified as a disorder. It also touches on some famous historical expressions of the mental imbalance. It highlights the turning point of anxiety from a reflexive mental state that protects us, to a debilitating psychological condition that ruins our way of living.

What is Anxiety?

The clinical definition of anxiety is that it is a mental state that manifests emotionally as feelings of fear, worry, tension. And physically, like elevated heart rate, high blood pressure, and nervous behavior.

Why do we Get Anxious?

Anxiety is the mind’s natural response to pending danger. It is the brain’s way of signaling to the rest of the body that something terrible is about to happen, so we should be alert and prepared. Under normal circumstances, anxiety is a useful reflexive emotion that keeps us alert to external threats.

On the other hand, runaway anxiety is hugely destructive. Imagine being constantly terrified, fearful, depressed, or panicked. The emotional toll it will have on you is significant. However, anxiety disorder doesn’t just affect us emotionally. Over time, it can have dire physical and mental implications.

There’s no quick and easy way to describe anxiety. It is an amalgamation of behavioral responses, fearful thoughts, and physical changes that emerge when our minds respond to a perceived threat.

It doesn’t have to be a significant threat. You can get anxious before a visit to the dentists’ office. You can also get worried when your boss calls you into his office abruptly. Anxiety is simply how our minds prepare our bodies for a threat it senses in our future. It can also be a response to a negative experience from our past.

The reality is that everyone gets anxious. In small doses, anxiety is vital to our survival. Think about it. Before crossing the road, you look both ways to make sure no vehicles are coming, and use a crosswalk to stay safe. That is anxiety driving you to keep yourself from harm, even if there are no vehicles nearby.

Anxiety is, therefore, an entirely rational response to perceived danger until it becomes excessive, intense, and out of control. This crucial defense mechanism that keeps us safe from external hazards suddenly starts to eat at our mental and physical health from the inside out.

 

Factors of anxiety disorder
Factors Causing Anxiety Disorder

 

Historical Expressions of Anxiety

To say that anxiety is a recent problem would be inaccurate. Throughout the civilized history of mankind, great minds have discussed anxiety disorder at length in an attempt to define it and understand it.

  • Charles Darwin

The great evolutionary theorist was no stranger to the workings of the mind. Darwin defined anxiety as the product of adaptive emotions. He suggested that anxiety emerges when our behavioral psychology evolves radically, hinting at mania and psychopathy as two prime examples of drastic emotional adaptation.

  • Walter Cannon

Cannon pinpointed the origin of anxiety to the thalamus, the part of the brain responsible for behaviors like anger, fear, and the ‘fight or flight’ response. Cannon’s expressions are in line with modern perceptions of the thalamus, which is the trigger for all emotions and is responsible for involuntary actions (like breathing), and organ functioning.

  • Ivan Pavlov

Russian physiologist Pavlov made historically significant contributions to the study of anxiety when he conducted experiments with a trained dog. He concluded that the brain could develop agitated behavioral patterns in the wake of excessive or constant inhibitory and excitatory stimuli.

 

Suffocation – The False Alarm Theory of Panic Disorder

This 1993 publication by Klein suggests that the cause of many panic attacks (which are a symptom of acute anxiety disorder) is the brain’s ‘suffocation monitor.’ The brain erroneously signals a lack of breathable air, which in turn causes the victim to hyperventilate, experience increased heart rate and blood pressure, and even lose consciousness.

The theory proposed that a rise in plasma CO2 levels and brain lactate was enough to send the body into a state of dyspnea and hyperventilation, even when there was no real threat of suffocation. This theory shows just how badly the mind can cause the body to overreact due to anxiety.

 

Why Anxiety is a Big Problem Today?

Before humans settled into civilizations, we were exposed to a host of environmental dangers as well as threats from other humans from different communities. Back then, the only real cause for anxiety was social isolation and poor grooming habits. We understood enough to know that we needed each other and that we needed to keep our bodies clean.

Fast forward to the 21st Century, where modern problems have morphed the leading cause of anxiety into a plethora of reasons. There is a lot more to be uncertain about in the intricate settings we’ve created for ourselves. We have school fees to think about. The mortgage is due every month. Our relationships need work and attention. We are overwhelmed by the amount of work on our plate.

Anxiety has developed astronomically over the centuries and is now one of the biggest mental disorders on the planet. On our path to understanding it, we have gone back in time to gather evidence and examples. But the real secret to stopping anxiety is to learn how it affects the body and the mind at a personal level.

All this is covered in the next chapter, which explores anxiety and its effects on the human body. For further reading on the origin and history of anxiety, you can find a thorough publication here.

 

Chapter 2- The Etiology, Pathophysiology, and Complications of Anxiety

How does the body react to anxiety?

What are the changes that occur when in a state of anxiety?

What causes these changes?

To better understand how to manage the symptoms of anxiety, you first need to know how it starts. This requires a closer look at the origin of anxiety on your body and the effects it has on your physical and mental wellbeing.

This chapter will walk you through the underlying causes of anxiety, the symptoms that manifest first, and the complications that anxiety brings so that you’re in a better position to grasp the anxiety management strategies that we will talk about later in the guide.

 

What Causes Anxiety?

Think about the last time you were anxious. Was it the time you were confronted by a bully on your way home? Was it when you forgot your wallet at home only to find out at the check-out counter?

You might not remember precisely when it was, and that’s okay. However, it is impossible to forget the sickening feeling of your stomach dropping when faced with a stressful situation. That’s how anxiety feels like, and everyone has felt it at least once before.

If we go with the American Psychological Association’s definition of anxiety, which is “a future-oriented concern that cautions you to avoid stressful situations,” we see that anxiety is a response to an unknown threat that is yet to appear. You can’t overcome anxiety if you don’t know what you’re anxious about in the first place!

So, the first step to overcoming anxiety is knowing what causes fear. That’s what I will cover in this chapter.

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Psychological Causes of Anxiety

  • Overthinking

In psychological circles, overthinking is also known as ‘rumination.’ To ruminate is to go over something repeatedly, casually, and slowly. Animals known as ruminants are called so because they regurgitate food they’ve already eaten, and eat it again. In relation to the human mind, rumination can be described as the act of focusing all your attention on your distress and its consequences, but not its solutions.

Overthinking happens when you take even the slightest problems that you have and repeatedly visualize its consequences. In the process, your mind begins to exaggerate the problem, essentially turning that molehill into a mountain of depressive and anxious thoughts.

Overthinking is the leading cause of stress and anxiety. It can lead you to stress and obsess over the tiniest problems.

  • Unrealistic expectations

Just like ruminating on your problems is a bad idea, fixating on your achievements can be a slippery slope too. You may be an exceptional individual that is blessed with talents to help you achieve academic, romantic, and social success.

But when you become obsessed with achieving more out of your job, relationship, or academics, you put your mind and body at risk. It’s okay to be an over-achiever, to work overtime, and to stay ahead of your peers.

However, it should never be at your health’s expense. High expectations lead to overworking, and if you make it a habit, you might find yourself unable to relax. Being unproductive can cause severe spells of anxiety if you get into the habit of working continuously.

  • Low Self-Esteem

We live in the age of popularity where our value is determined by the quality and quantity of our interactions on social media. The need to please everyone can be overwhelming and is a present danger to our peace of mind.

Low self-esteem is the apparent result of the thorough scrutiny one receives on every text, status update, blog post, and the image they upload on the Internet. After a while, you begin to attach your value to how many responses you get on a post, or how popular your social media pages are.

We go through tremendous pressure to impress with each breath we take. It is then not surprising that social media is one of the biggest causes of anxiety in our era.

  • Pessimism

Living with a negative mindset is comparable to putting your mind in jail. Pessimism forces the best of us to dwell on negative thoughts and predict nothing but negative consequences for our actions. It is a dark, joyless abyss that continually puts your brain on edge. With an inability to calm down and relax, anxiety becomes inevitable.

  • The Past

Humans have evolved a sense of self-preservation so strong that we are incapable of living in bliss and harmony for our entire lives. The mind doesn’t forget, and a traumatic past is sometimes the unexpected cause of a bout of anxiety.

We are all molded by our past, but as much as we’d prefer to let bygones be bygones, our brain is constantly reminding us of the traumatic events that shaped our present. This deep-seated fear of the horrible past repeating itself sometimes evolves into a vicious cycle that spawns a particularly ruthless form of anxiety known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which we will talk about in-depth.

  • Environmental Causes of Anxiety

Our surroundings are constantly changing in this fast-paced world. It’s not easy to adapt to everything new immediately. Most people have trouble leaving their comfort zones, which is a natural response to the fear of change.

On the one hand, the changing world is our cue as humans to be braver and more excited about discovering new things. On the other hand, not everyone is mentally equipped to deal with change. Sometimes, our anxiety is a direct result of our environment changing at a pace that makes us uncomfortable.

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Physiological Causes of Anxiety

  • Genetics

Anxiety can be passed down through generations, much like hereditary diseases. If your family has a history of mental disorders like depression and anxiety, it might explain why you suffer from anxiety, even in the absence of the psychological and environmental factors we’ve discussed.

  • Hormonal Imbalances

Sometimes it all boils down to a chemical imbalance in your brain. This imbalance might be inherited, or it could be the result of a severe head injury. Trauma can change the way brain cells send and receive signals, making you more likely to react vigorously to small negative incidents.

  • Alcohol and Substance Abuse

Some drugs are known to exacerbate our natural anxiety. However, the most prominent drug-related cause for anxiety is withdrawal. Quitting a drug addiction thrusts your body into a state of withdrawal, which famously leads to extreme anxiety, depression, and even psychosis.

 

The Pathophysiology of Anxiety

On your path to understanding anxiety, you may have encountered various abstract descriptions of how the mental disorder is formed. The reality is there is a distinct physiological process behind the onset of anxiety disorder.

Here is what you need to know.

When you encounter a wild animal or sink into a period of anxiety-fuelled rumination, you activate the body’s hormonal system. It is called the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal system. Triggering the hormonal system results in the release of cortisol, a stress hormone that puts your body in a state of hyper-alertness. It also inspires the release of another hormone, the corticotropin-releasing hormone, which releases corticotropin, another stress hormone.

All this is perfectly fine under normal circumstances. But, when your mind is continuously agitated, stressed, or anxious, a severe problem starts to develop.

The corticotropin-releasing hormone is vulnerable to genetic polymorphism. That means if activated too frequently, it can stay activated. Your body has mechanisms to check the release of the stress hormone because staying in a state of alertness is mentally and physically exhausting. However, repeated and prolonged spells of anxiety repress the gene that controls the release of stress hormones.

What follows is that your stress levels skyrocket, and with no inhibitors to dump the stress hormone out of your system, you continuously become anxious.

Anxiety would be almost non-threatening if the disorder stuck to the confines of the mind. Unfortunately, it doesn’t. Anxiety interferes with the functioning of the sensorimotor system, which is responsible for our senses, motor responses, and nerve function.

This system controls how we move and how we respond to stimuli. That’s why when in the grip of an anxiety attack, our movements become jerky and uncoordinated.

 

Problems causing by anxiety
7 Problems Caused by Anxiety

 

Complications and Long-Term Side-Effects of Anxiety

Even though your anxiety may seem like an insurmountable issue on its own, it gets worse. There are grave long-term ramifications of anxiety, which can make the condition ten times worse. Here are the common complications and side-effects associated with long-term anxiety.

  • Depression

Anxiety and depression are what we refer to as “twin problems.” One almost always accompanies the other. Despite their relationship, these two are interminably different and require different strategies and medications. Studies are still ongoing to prove that anxiety can lead to depression and vice versa.

That said, depression and anxiety share a number of symptoms, including:

  • Interrupted sleep cycles
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness

 

  • Gastric Disorders

Anxiety is responsible for a gastric disorder that affects about 20 percent of the American population. That disorder is known as involuntary bowel syndrome (IBS) and is characterized by sharp upper abdominal pain. Studies show that the majority of these people also suffer from anxiety.

  • Sleep Disorders

The National Institute of Health Research estimates that 60 million people in the U.S. alone suffer from a long-term sleeping disorder. Problems like insomnia don’t usually manifest organically. Sometimes they come as a side-effect of pharmaceutical drugs. However, in the absence of a blatant cause, anxiety is suspected as one of the leading reasons for disrupted sleep cycles and sleep disorders.

  • Chronic Pain

Chronic pain manifests in different ways, but only has a few causes. The leading cause of all illness is inflammation, and anxiety is one of the biggest inflammatory instigators in the human body. Unfortunately, most people treat their chronic pain as a separate issue, when, in reality, the problem that needs to be addressed is their anxiety.

  • Erectile Dysfunction

Anxiety can cause erectile dysfunction in any male over the age of 20 years. The research says that it stems from the behavioral changes induced by anxiety, which is why some men find it challenging to sustain erections in stressful situations. Anxiety can impede any of the three mechanisms responsible for psychogenic, reflexive, and nocturnal erections.

  • Substance Abuse

To escape the vicious cycle of negative thoughts and fears, some people may opt for drugs and alcohol. Since none of these substances address anxiety at the root, they soon become a crutch that helps them to temporarily forget their problems. This behavior can easily lead to addiction and depression.

  • Suicidal Behavior

Anxiety disorder can be overwhelming to live with. The inability to turn off negative thoughts and feelings has a significant toll on the human mind. Sometimes, people view suicide as their only escape. Anxiety, at its most extreme, culminates in the horrific loss of life through suicide.

Can you pinpoint the cause of your anxiety?

Are you a victim of its side effects and complications?

Finding out if it affects you is a massive step in the right direction. After all, you can’t treat what you don’t have.

The next step is to identify the different types of anxiety disorders, which will help you develop a specific strategy to conquer it.

 

 

Chapter 3- Classification of Anxiety Disorders (And their Signs and Symptoms)

So far, I’ve touched on anxiety’s clinical definitions, historical expressions, etiology, pathophysiology, and complications. All this information has given you a better understanding of general anxiety.

Now, it’s time to sink our teeth into the details. Anxiety is further classified into:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder, and;
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder

Identifying the type of anxiety that plagues you is the key to learning how to manage its symptoms, and eventually free yourself from it.

Without further delay, let’s dive in.

 

Types of anxiety disorder
4 Major Types of Anxiety Disorder

 

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

This type of anxiety manifests as extreme distress to even the slightest negative situation. A person with GAD will always expect the worst out of any situation, be it their job, family life, or future. The problems they obsess over may not even hold real-world implications.

To qualify for a GAD diagnosis, the person must experience this form of anxiety for at least six months, and exhibit the following signs and symptoms for at least three:

  • Unexplained nervousness
  • Feelings of impending danger
  • Hyperventilation
  • Sleep disorders
  • Increased heart rate
  • Gastric disorders

Females are twice as likely to suffer from GAD than makes. This type of anxiety starts to creep in at the end of childhood and can last all the way to your 30s and 40s. Most people with GAD can tell that they’re overreacting but have no way to control their worrying. It is an unfortunate situation that often leads to escalated anxiety and, gradually, panic.

 

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD is a mental illness that is characterized by overthinking and compulsive behavior. A compulsion is an irresistible urge to do something even when you don’t understand why you’re doing it. This form of anxiety is famous for causing intrusive thoughts and mindlessly repeated actions.

An example of OCD can be witnessed in people who bite their nails in nervous situations. They may be well aware that they shouldn’t be doing that, but they cannot control the urge to do so anyway.

OCD manifests in very odd situations, from counting to organizing, cleaning, and even talking. For instance, if you have to wash your hands three times every time you use the toilet, or are compelled to arrange everything in your house to be parallel to each other, you may have OCD.

OCD can be further classified into four types:

  • Contamination OCD (where you don’t want to touch objects for fear of contamination)
  • Rumination OCD (where you obsessively think about specific thoughts)
  • Checking OCD (where you repeatedly check on something, such as whether you turned the oven off)
  • Symmetry OCD (where you need everything around you to be in perfect symmetry)

OCD is, by far, the most diverse form of anxiety. As such, there are many symptoms to look out for. They include:

  • A need to count things
  • Extreme paranoia about people who are close to you
  • Unwarranted submissive behavior
  • Continuous body sensations (such as itchiness, heat, or cold)
  • Germophobia

OCD manifests during the teenage years. Like GAD, it is also more prevalent in women than in men.

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD comes after you experience or witness a traumatic event. It could be a car crash, seeing a murder, watching a loved one die, or even experiencing a traumatic injury. People who go through such trauma often have a hard time re-adjusting, and when this goes on for months, or even years, they can be diagnosed with PTSD.

PTSD prominently appears in the form of flashbacks, sleep issues, and night terrors. Most soldiers come back from the war with PTSD due to the graphic and inhumane nature of combat. In any case, symptoms of PTSD include:

  • Avoidance (of thoughts, memories, or other people)
  • Intrusive flashbacks
  • Altered emotional reactions
  • Negative thinking

Children who have PTSD may also exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Agitation
  • Bed-wetting
  • Speech problems (slurred speech)
  • Night terrors

PTSD patients have to relive their worst moments every day. Experiencing these symptoms regularly can have a dramatic effect on a person’s day-to-day life, and it can alter their brain chemistry permanently. PTSD sufferers are highly susceptible to suicidal thoughts and may also be prone to violent outbursts, hallucinating, and even psychosis.

 

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

SAD manifests itself as the fear of social environments. People with SAD may experience extreme discomfort in typical social situations. They find it hard to talk to other people or even visit crowded places.

SAD causes the brain to formulate negative assumptions about other people and the environment. This negativity culminates in fear of the non-existent. It is not uncommon for panic attacks to arise when a person with SAD is forced to stay in a social setting.

The physical symptoms of SAD are:

  • Staggered speech
  • Nausea
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Heart palpitations

Despite its severity, SAD affects about 50 percent of people aged 11 and under, and up to 80 percent of people between 12 and 20. It is quite pervasive and, therefore, normalized, which explains why few people seek medical attention for the condition.

If you suspect that you have one of these four types of anxiety but cannot be sure, the next chapter is specifically for you.

 

Chapter 4- Self-Diagnosis and Screening Tools for Anxiety

Are you a victim of anxiety?

Most of us are, but we have no way of knowing that.

In this chapter, I provide a set of screening tools and information that will help you determine whether you have anxiety and the specific type of anxiety that you have. In addition to those, I will list down some general anxiety symptoms.

 

Common Symptoms of Anxiety

Even though anxiety is a familiar feeling, the symptoms of anxiety vary from person to person. The same can be said about the frequency and intensity of the symptoms. Your type of anxiety vastly dictates how you manifest the disorder. While OCD pushes you to compulsiveness, SAD might cause you to isolate yourself from the rest of the world.

Be that as it may, anxiety affects the body in a pretty standard way. As the instigator of the ‘fight or flight’ reaction, it may result in a few common symptoms for all people who have anxiety. These include:

  • Muscle tension – tensed up muscles are the first physical sign of anxiety. However, there is debate as to whether anxiety causes muscle tension or muscle tension causes stress and anxiety.
  • Panic attacks – people with a long history of anxiety are more likely to experience panic attacks, even if their anxiety is instigated by something minor.
  • Sinus tachycardia – this fancy term simply refers to an increased heart rate, which is a telltale sign of stress and anxiety. This condition progresses in severity the longer your anxiety is left untreated. It can, sometimes, even turn out to be life-threatening, causing cardiac arrests or otherwise interfering with the normal functioning of the heart.
  • Insomnia – Anxiety is part of the trifecta (the other two are stress and depression) that is notorious for causing sleep issues such as insomnia.
  • Constipation – Bowel movements can be affected by anxiety too. When there is no other cause for constipation, it may be possible that the problem is a psychogenic side-effect of anxiety.

 

Tips to control anxiety
Simple Tips to Control Anxiety

 

Self-Screening for Anxiety Disorders

Self-evaluation is critical when determining whether you have anxiety and how severe it is. Below, I have compiled a series of precise questionnaires to serve as screening tests for all four types of anxiety disorders. These tests apply to people of all ages and health conditions.

It is essential to take part in the screening test before moving on to the other chapters, which will talk about the ways to manage your anxiety.

GAD Screening Questionnaire 

  1. Do you worry about several things over the course of a day? Has that been the norm for the past few weeks/months/years? (YES/NO)
  2. Is your tendency to worry increasing in frequency and/or intensity? (YES/NO)
  3. Is it hard to stop worrying once you get started? (YES/NO)
  4. Do you obsess over the most insignificant things, such as arriving late at work? (YES/NO)

References-Newman, M. G., Zuellig, A. R., Kachin, K. E., Constantino, M. J., Przeworski, A., Erickson, T., & Cashman-McGrath, L. (2002). Preliminary reliability and validity of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-IV: A revised self-report diagnostic measure of generalized anxiety disorder. Behavior Therapy, 33, 215-233. doi: 10.1016/S0005-7894(02)80026-0

OCD Screening Questionnaire 

  1. Do you experience unpleasant intrusive thoughts or impulses? (YES/NO)
  2. Are you always worried about germs? (YES/NO)
  3. Do you experience shortness of breath for no apparent cause? (YES/NO)
  4. Have you, in the last few days, experienced a sensation of weakness in the legs? (YES/NO)
  5. Do you find it hard to throw out things even when you don’t need them? (YES/NO)
  6. Have you recently altered your eating or sleeping habits? (YES/NO)
  7. Over the course of last year, were you arrested or fined as a direct consequence of alcohol or substance abuse? (YES/NO)

References-Goodman, WK, Price LH, et al. The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS): Part 1. Development, use, and reliability. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 46:1006-1011 (1989). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV), American Psychiatric Association, 1994, Washington, D.C

PTSD Screening Questionnaire 

  1. Have you experienced/witnessed a life-threatening event that still makes you fearful today? (YES/NO)
  2. Do you experience repeated feelings of distress, unpleasant flashbacks, or nightmares? (YES/NO)
  3. Do you experience intense physical or emotional pain when you think of an event from your past? (YES/NO)
  4. Do you actively avoid conversations and thoughts about a traumatic event from your past? (YES/NO)
  5. Do you harbor negative beliefs about yourself? (YES/NO)
  6. Do you feel isolated from other people? (YES/NO)
  7. Are you in a continuously negative emotional state? (YES/NO)
  8. Do you have problems sleeping? (YES/NO)
  9. Do you have problems concentrating? (YES/NO)

References- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing

SAD Screening Questionnaire 

  1. Do you have an intense fear of social situations? (YES/NO)
  2. Do you have trouble with social interactions? (YES/NO)
  3. Do you feel extreme discomfort under observation? (YES/NO)
  4. Does the thought of getting in a social situation make your heart pound? (YES/NO)
  5. Is your fear of socializing a present feature in your daily life? (YES/NO)
  6. Do you feel worthless and ashamed for no reason? (YES/NO)
  7. Have you been arrested before for alcohol or drug abuse? (YES/NO)

Reference- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1994.

If you’ve answered yes to more than one question in each of the above questionnaires, you should consider seeing a primary care physician. These questionnaires only help you confirm whether you have anxiety or not. If you still feel uncertain, here is a more detailed survey to help you out.

This guide (2020 update) is merely a resource for all the questions and concerns you might have about anxiety. For a full diagnosis, visit a hospital for further evaluation.

The next chapter covers the most recent findings on the anxiety that are based on scientific evidence.

Let’s jump in!

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Chapter 5- Recent Findings from Anxiety Research (2020 Update)

This guide would not be complete if I didn’t touch on some of the recent findings in the study of anxiety.

I’ve carefully selected a handful of relevant and recent studies with science-backed evidence to help you better understand how anxiety management tactics are changing.

This chapter is all about the most recent anxiety research (2020 update), including new findings and the latest anxiety management trends from around the globe.

 

Anxiety is a Major Contributor to Quality-Adjusted Life-Year Loss

The quality-adjusted life-year, or QALY for short, is a measure of the burden of living with a disease in relation to the quality and quantity of the life lived. If you’ve lived one QALY, that means you’ve spent a year in perfect health.

According to a 2020 Composite International Diagnostic study conducted by the World Health Organization in Singapore, GAD and OCD are two of the top five leading causes of QALY loss. Conclusions that were drawn from the study revealed that these two forms of anxiety are some of the worst mental conditions to live with and that they gradually lead to severe societal and psychological implications.

The study also revealed that mental disorders, in general, mostly affect females, young people, unemployed people, and people with low socioeconomic backgrounds.

 

Gamers Are at a High Risk of Anxiety

The gaming culture, which was already prevalent in Korea, Japan, and China, has now reached Africa. Gamers stand a higher risk of suffering from anxiety, according to recent findings. Despite the lack of prior statistics on the impact of video games in Africa, there is cause for concern following the results of a 2020 research.

According to the study, there is a notable rise in anxiety symptoms like sinus tachycardia, insomnia, depression, and panic attacks across different age groups and health brackets in Africa. It appears that Africa is wading knee-deep in an aggressive onslaught of gaming-induced anxiety that spawns from the increased accessibility to video game consoles like

The PlayStation and the Xbox.

Curiously, smartphone addiction faces the blame for Africa’s rapidly growing technology craze. The situation has deteriorated so quickly due to technology that a considerable portion of the population now suffers from anxiety disorders and a host of other mental illnesses.

 

Anxiety facts
Recent Anxiety Facts and Stats

 

Female Redheads Are More Likely to Have Anxiety

Even though only 2 percent of Europeans have red hair, science says that redheads are more likely to get anxiety disorders, especially if they’re female. The explorative study showed that even though redheaded men were similarly prone to anxiety, females were more likely to experience a severe form of the condition in their lifetime.

How can this bias be explained scientifically?

Redheads are also known for their fair/pale complexions, which is indicative of low receptor activity. The receptor in question is the MC1R gene, which is responsible for skin and hair pigmentation. In redheads, this gene is suppressed, which is the reason behind the red color of their hair.

Red pigmentation has less protective benefits than black and brown pigmentation, which means redheads get exposed to more UV radiation than everyone else. Excessive exposure to UV rays causes undue oxidative stress on the cells, which can lead to permanent DNA damage.

The statistics went on to say that unlike their redheaded counterparts, women with black or brown hair and darker skin are less susceptible to mental disorders.

 

Anxiety during Pregnancy Can Lead to Complications

Pregnant women are often advised to avoid stress and for a good reason. Unlike the rest of us, anxiety and stress affect not only the psychological health of expectant mothers but also the health of the fetus. It also amplifies existing medical conditions, which can turn out to be dangerous for the baby.

How dangerous can anxiety be to a pregnant woman?

First of all, there is the risk of developing preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication that comes about as a result of high blood pressure. There is also eclampsia, a condition that causes seizures in pregnant women. You don’t need a medical degree to know that that is dangerous to both the baby and the mother.

Doctors are more likely to recommend caesarian sections if the woman arrives at the maternity ward, looking tense and stressed out. There is an incredibly high risk of hurting the fetus during childbirth if anxiety is a present factor.

Anxiety is totally treatable in pregnant women. In fact, another study confirmed that taking anxiety medication while pregnant does not directly cause complications.

 

Early Life Stress is a Major Cause of Anxiety

A study has confirmed that early life stress (ELS) is a precursor to late-adulthood anxiety. Previously, late-adulthood anxiety was challenging to screen due to the cumulative negative effect of stress over the course of a person’s life. Anxiety becomes harder to diagnose the older we grow because there are several clinical and subclinical symptoms to observe.

However, these new findings reinforce the notion that ELS plays a significant role in instigating anxiety during our golden years.

What exactly does that mean?

To put it simply, ELS could be the result of child abuse, maltreatment, a death in the family, or divorce. The findings show that people with negative childhood experiences, including a problematic upbringing due to low socioeconomic status, are predisposed to get anxiety in their senior years. There is still a lot of research to be done concerning early life stress and how it links late age anxiety.

Find a suitable solution to your anxiety today!

 

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Garlic Can Make You Less Anxious 

Apart from making delicious bread and warding off vampires, garlic has another unusual use: it soothes anxiety!

According to a study, antioxidant-rich vegetables can reduce oxidative markers in the brain. However, no human trials have occurred yet; the test was conducted on rats.

After being divided into two groups, the first group received garlic treatment for ten days, while the other did not. At the end of the study, the garlic-treated group was observed to display less anxious behavior than the group that didn’t receive any treatment.

What can we conclude from this?

Garlic can help manage anxiety symptoms due to its ability to cut down oxidative stress in brain cells. A healthy brain does not easily develop behavioral patterns that are consistent with chronic anxiety.

 

Exposure Therapy as a Promising Anxiety Treatment

When something scares us, our first impulse is to get as far away from it as possible. Exposure therapy sounds counterintuitive because it forces you to face your fears, which doesn’t sound very fun.

However, it is practical, so that makes it an option worth considering. Exposure therapy is designed for people who want to get over their fears. And what better way is there to do so than to confront what terrifies you?

To avoid inducing even stronger bouts of anxiety (anxiety can escalate rapidly to a panic attack under sudden stress), exposure therapy occurs in a safe and controlled environment. Though the road to recovery is slow using this method, exposure therapy is extremely useful in eradicating avoidant behavior.

It also has a few different variations:

  • Virtual Reality (VR) Exposure

This type of exposure utilizes equipment to replicate the sounds, sights, and smells of the patient’s worst fears.

  • In Vivo Exposure

This method involves placing the patient in direct contact with the object that causes them anxiety.

  • Imaginal exposure

This type of exposure encourages the patient to relive the traumatic events that cause them anxiety.

  • Interoceptive exposure

This form of therapy invokes memories of past events by simulating the physical sensations that the patient went through.

  • Graded exposure

For this type of exposure, the patient is exposed to several objects of fear progressively based on the level of anxiety they inspire.

  • Flooding exposure

The patient is exposed to the object of his greatest fear first.

  • Systematic desensitization

Objects of anxiety are introduced gradually after intermittent periods of relaxation exercises.

Why does exposure therapy work?

As people experience their worst fears over and over, they gradually stop being afraid of them. Exposure therapy weakens the haunting memory of a traumatic event. Over time, the memory and the feelings it inspires becomes less intense.

An unexpected perk of exposure therapy is that it re-instills a sense of confidence. Overcoming fear is a great achievement that empowers the person to be more capable of overcoming other fears and anxieties. It equips the patient with the ability to manage their mental health on their own.

Eradicating unwarranted fears is the whole point of anxiety therapy, and as far as that is concerned, exposure therapy is one of the most effective ways to manage anxiety disorder.

In the following chapters, we will dive a little deeper into the pharmacological and homeopathic treatments and anxiety management therapies used today. In order to gain complete control over your anxiety symptoms, you need to take action!

Let’s take a look at all the options that you have at your disposal.

 

Chapter 6- How to Manage Anxiety without Medication

Can you keep anxiety disorder in check without a prescription?

Undoubtedly, most people with anxiety have explored homeopathic options before going the pharmacological way. However, are you aware that non-pharmacological treatment can be just as effective in treating anxiety?

These therapies teach you how to relax and calm yourself out of a state of anxiety. That’s saying a lot. You see, most medicines alter your brain chemistry so that you don’t feel anxious anymore. But with these homeopathic methods, you address your anxiety at the root of it and learn how to cope with it.

Do these methods help to suppress all anxiety symptoms?

For the most part, yes. For instance, you can use these anxiety management therapies to suppress:

  • Behavioral symptoms – these include overprotective behavior, aggression, substance abuse, and compulsive behaviors.
  • Cognitive symptoms – these are such as worrying, negative thinking, panic attacks, inability to focus, daydreaming, and obsessions with body sensations.
  • Physical symptoms – these may be sweating, elevated heart rate, lethargy, dyspnea, tense muscles, weakness, nausea, shivering, fluctuating body temperature, the urge to urinate constantly, blurred vision, and chest tightness.

Read on to see all the possible ways you can manage these symptoms of anxiety without using medication.

 

how to overcome anxiety without drugs
5 Ways to Fight Anxiety without Drugs

 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of psychotherapy used to treat not just anxiety, but a wide array of mental issues as well. The therapy works by helping the patient discover the origins of negative thoughts and impulses, which can help them detect the habits and thinking patterns that induce anxiety.

Why is it practical?

Because it helps you unearth the underlying reasons behind your anxiety, which can be the key to stopping anxiety attacks permanently. Not only does it help you manage the symptoms of anxiety, but it also prevents you from relapsing, helps you control your emotions better, and trains you to overcome your emotional trauma.

Are there risks involved?

No, there’s nothing significant to speak of. However, it may force you into very uncomfortable situations with your therapist as you explore your mind to establish your objects of fear and overcome past emotional traumas. Let’s just say that these sessions can get really intimate.

How can you get CBT for your anxiety?

  1. Find a qualified therapist. The higher their reputation is, the better for you.
  2. Go over the expenses and payment plans first before starting the therapy.
  3. Go over your symptoms as well as any other information that you may need to tell the therapist before you attend your first appointment.
  4. Attend all sessions dutifully.

In the end, you can expect to see an improvement in your mental health. You will also gain all the skills necessary for coping with future stressors.

If that sounds a little complex, here is a quick overview of the whole process:

  • First, the therapist listens to you to try to identify the main issues that plague your mind.
  • Then, they observe your thinking and try to interpret your thoughts to understand what you really mean.
  • The next step is the identification of negative cognitive patterns, which can be observed from the way you talk.
  • Finally, the therapist attempts to destroy all negative thinking patterns so that you can create new positive ones.

How reliable are the results?

Rather than address the underlying causes of your anxiety directly, CBT empowers you to deal with the symptoms and complications of anxiety without relying on anyone else. Over time, you become more adept at dealing with anxiety symptoms, which makes you more confident, happier, and optimistic about the future.

 

Exposure Therapy

I touched on exposure therapy briefly in the previous chapter. Now, let’s take a more in-depth look at the treatment, including the conditions it treats and why it has such a high efficacy for anxiety management.

Exposure therapy can be used on the following mental health issues:

  • PTSD
  • GAD
  • General anxiety
  • Phobias
  • OCD

Like we mentioned, there are different techniques for exposure therapy. What will work for you depends on your anxiety and how well you respond to fear.

 

In-Vivo Training 

This type of exposure involves putting the patient in the situation that they fear most. For instance, if you have SAD, the therapy may place you in an environment that would typically make you fearful, such as a party. Most of the time, these environments are only simulations, so they give you plenty of room to adapt to their real-world equivalents.

 

Imaginal Exposure

Here, the patients are requested to imagine or think about all the situations and objects that make them anxious. After a period, they learn to cope better in the same stressful situations because they learn how to control the emotions that cause them anxiety. Also, repetitive imagination may weaken the actual memory of the traumatic event.

 

Flooding Method

This method is particularly intense, and not recommended for all anxiety patients (some might react adversely to the sudden exposure of their worst fears). It is called the flooding method because the patient is exposed to the most fearful object first. On the upside, once the patient is able to overcome the most fearful stimuli, everything else is easier to cope with.

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Systematic Desensitization

Regarded as the core concept of exposure therapy, systematic desensitization involves the gradual exposure of the patient to progressively more fearful objects as a means of helping them build a coping mechanism.

A sound coping mechanism can be a powerful tool to help you keep anxiety and its symptoms at bay.

Here’s an example of how the systematic desensitization of a car accident victim might look:

  • Step One: Looking at pictures of vehicles and roads.
  • Step Two: Watching footage of cars driving and/or racing.
  • Step Three: Discussing the possibility of a test drive.
  • Step Four: Meeting at the physical location for the ride (could be an empty parking lot)
  • Step Five: Sitting in the driver’s seat, fastening the seat belt, and checking the mirrors, tire pressure, etc., but not driving. This step is essential to getting over a fear of driving.
  • Step Six: Driving a car for a short distance.

All these steps happen in different sessions or at the pace recommended by the therapist. The reason why this therapy is useful in that it teaches relaxation techniques, first and foremost. Secondly, it eases the victim into their fears slowly by slowly so that they don’t get overwhelmed and relapse. Finally, it involves constant guidance and supervision, which makes the anxiety patient feel less alone, and therefore, less likely to feel distressed.

 

Breathing and Muscle Relaxation Exercises 

Here is a simple way to calm your anxiety whenever it strikes using little more than your lungs.

  • Make sure you’re sitting comfortably. Place one hand on your stomach and the other on your chest. Breathe in deeply. The hand on your chest, ideally, should not move or should move only slightly. The hand on your stomach should move more prominently than the one on your chest.
  • Breathe in normally through your nose as you pay attention to your hands. Ensure that the hand on your stomach moves even if it is only slightly (that means you’re expanding your diaphragm).
  • For a while, keep breathing slowly, but through your mouth this time.
  • Repeat this process as many times as you need to feel calm again.

You can also practice muscle relaxation to help you quell and anxiety attack.

  • Sit comfortably, then slowly inhale through your nose, and exhale through your mouth.
  • Ball up your hand into a tight fist.
  • Squeeze the fist as hard as you can and hold the position for a few seconds. Focus on the tight feeling as hard as possible.
  • Slowly unclench your hand and feel the tension as it dissipates. Your hand should feel lighter and more relaxed.
  • Repeat the exercise with different muscle groups (your biceps, your calves, your abs, etc.) until your heart rate drops back to normal.

 

Biofeedback

Biofeedback offers a play-by-play of the events that lead up to an anxiety attack. This form of therapy helps patients understand how their bodies react when they start becoming anxious. When you get anxious, your body gives off a number of signs, which are not usually perceptible by the victim. These include:

  • Fluctuating body temperature
  • Muscle tension
  • ECG and EEG changes
  • Increased heart rate

Monitoring their bodies for these signs gives them insight about their anxiety, including its triggers and how quickly it develops into a full-blown attack. Getting real-time peek at the inner workings of their bodies assists them to deploy relaxation methods rapidly before the problem escalates.

References- Beck, A. T. (2005). Anxiety disorders and phobias: A cognitive perspective. Basic Books.

The therapies we’ve discussed are widely used today to treat the symptoms of anxiety. However, there is no guarantee that any one of them is 100% effective for everyone.

Sometimes, as is the case in severe anxiety disorder, medication is a necessity, not a choice. Some people suffer from such crippling anxiety that they can’t leave their homes without medication. Such people may find relief in the next chapter, where we will discuss the best pharmaceutical drugs for anxiety management.

 

Chapter 7- Treating Anxiety with Anxiolytic Drugs

When all else fails, the only hope for anxiety management comes in the form of prescription medication. These are the drugs used to treat severe instances of clinical anxiety, so expect them to be potent, and to have a few side effects.

 

Types of anxiety medications
Generalized Types of Anxiety Medications

 

Benzodiazepines

Today, benzodiazepines are the most widely used anxiolytic drugs. They are safer and more effective than other options, so this is probably the first thing your doctor will prescribe.

Types of benzodiazepines include:

  • Triazolam (short action)
  • Alprazolam (intermediate action)
  • Flurazepam (long action)
  • Diazepam
  • Temazepam

How Benzodiazepines Treat Anxiety

Benzodiazepines have sedative properties. They affect the GABA receptor, which is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the CNS (central nervous system). GABA receptors are scattered all over the nervous system and the brain. They can be found in the thalamus, cerebral cortex, and limbic structures.

These anxiolytic drugs slow down brain activity in lower doses. At higher doses, they can even have a hypnotic affect. They’ve proven effective for treating symptoms that are consistent with PTSD, SAD, OCD, and GAD, as well as any anxiety-related phobias.

Like many pharmacological products, benzodiazepines are not without side effects. They may include:

  • Ataxia
  • Confusion
  • Drowsiness
  • Cognitive dissonance
  • Dependency
  • Stomach problems
  • Headaches
  • Amnesia
  • Blurred vision

Benzodiazepines sometimes produce counterintuitive effects. Instead of making the patient calm and relax, they may induce agitation, mania, irritability, and even hallucinations!

It’s worth mentioning that some demographics are predisposed to these unwanted effects. Pregnant and breastfeeding women, geriatric patients, and substance abusers are at high risk of developing complications from the medication.

Benzodiazepines have different durations of action to better suit the various strains of anxiety.

 

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

SSRIs are more commonly used as anti-depressants. They inhibit serotonin reuptake. Serotonin is the “feel-good” hormone. In its absence, the brain can develop destructive thinking patterns such as the ones that lead to anxiety and depression.

SSRIs also come with milder side effects than most of the other anxiolytic drugs we will discuss. Some common SSRIs include:

  • Citalopram
  • Paroxetine
  • Sertraline
  • Fluoxetine

How SSRIs Treat Anxiety

SSRIs stop the reuptake of serotonin, therefore leaving plenty of the happy hormone in your brain chemistry to combat stress inducers like cortisol. It takes about two weeks for the drug to exhibit positive results.

The other reason why this drug is so popular is that it works for about 80 percent of people with anxiety. The side effects, though mild, can still be uncomfortable to experience. They include:

  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Disrupted sleep patterns
  • Anxiety
  • Complications from drug interactions

Perhaps the most concerning side effect of SSRIs is Discontinuation Syndrome. When discontinued abruptly, SSRIs may induce intense withdrawal symptoms that are in line with some of the withdrawal symptoms observed with narcotics.

Patients may experience irritability, changed sleep patterns, nervous behavior, malaise, headaches, and flu-like symptoms when they stop taking the prescription abruptly.

 

Buspirone

Buspirone is considered more effective than most benzodiazepines. It is used to treat symptoms of anxiety-related disorders like GAD and OCD.

Unlike benzodiazepines and SSRIs, buspirone doesn’t have anticonvulsant or muscle-relaxing properties. Most anti-depressants do, because these symptoms usually arise, either as a direct consequence of the disease or as a side effect.

Buspirone is often prescribed for acute anxiety and depression treatment. Even though side effects don’t occur frequently, they are still a present concern. They include:

  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Light-headedness
  • Nervousness
  • Mild sedation
  • Psychomotor dysfunctions
  • Minimal cognitive dissonance

Buspirone is suitable for people with a history of substance abuse because it has a low risk of dependence. Furthermore, there are few notable or threatening drug interactions inspired by the drug.

Get your anxiety medicines prescribed today!

 

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Barbiturates

Barbiturates are incredibly habit-forming, which is why most of them have been replaced by benzodiazepines. Even though technically, benzodiazepines are still barbiturates, their binding mechanisms and sites are different.

Barbiturates are mild sedatives that can also induce hypnosis. They’re popularly administered to treat insomnia, anxiety, and nervous tension.

Lately, the use of barbiturates for insomnia has tapered down as better pharmacological and homeopathic remedies emerge. However, Butalbital, a barbiturate, works along with migraine medications to kill anxiety-induced headaches.

Some of the side effects of barbiturates include:

  • Addiction
  • Nausea
  • Vertigo
  • Tremors
  • Drowsiness
  • Enzyme induction

 

Antihistamines

Antihistamines such as Hydroxyzine, Doxylamine, and Diphenhydramine offer sedative properties to help manage the symptoms of anxiety.

Although most of these drugs have side-effects too, antihistamines are widely available and accessible over the counter, which can be useful in emergency situations.

As we close the chapter, remember that it is not wise to take any prescription drug WITHOUT your doctor’s consent. Most of them can be addictive, plus they all come with a set of unpleasant side effects.

The next chapter talks about how to help yourself out an anxiety attack using simple but effective anxiety management techniques.

 

Chapter 8- How to Overcome an Anxiety Attack on your Own

Anxiety attacks can strike when you least expect them. If you’ve been through such an ordeal, you understand how debilitating and uncomfortable a sudden attack can be.

This chapter is a secret key. A key that will help you unlock your own potential to stop anxiety attacks without anyone else’s intervention.

These quick management guidelines can get you out of a tricky situation quickly and discreetly.

 

 Anxiety relief tips
Simple Tips for Anxiety Relief

 

Be fully aware of the anxiety attack

The symptoms of an anxiety attack are consistent with those of a heart attack or angina. Your chest tightens, you feel dizzy and weak, and you start hyperventilating.

At this moment, your brain is unable to decipher what’s happening, so it’s not uncommon for it to exaggerate the severity of the attack. The first time someone gets an anxiety attack, they may feel like they’re dying.

However, it is crucial that you recognize the attack as it starts. The faster you believe that it’s all going to go away in a few minutes, the better you start to feel. Calmness descends once you convince yourself that it is nothing to worry about.

 

Start your breathing exercise immediately

Hyperventilation makes it incredibly hard to focus or calm down, and it is usually the first symptom of an anxiety attack. If you can get your breath under control quickly, then you can manage the rest of the symptoms just fine.

Breathe deeply and feel the air rushing into your chest and abdomen. Breathe in until your diaphragm feels tight, then slowly let it out through your nose. Draw it out as long as you can, don’t just exhale at once. Repeat this severally until your breathing returns to normal.

 

Close your eyes

Anxiety is your body’s way of telling you that it’s feeling overwhelmed by stimuli. One of the first things you should do is close your eyes. Motion, colors, and visual stimuli are known to trigger more anxiety, and that’s the last thing you want while in the middle of an attack.

Sit somewhere comfortable, or hold onto something while you stand, shut your eyes, and breathe the anxiety away.

 

Stay aware

Try your best to stay conscious of your surroundings. You might get a sudden attack in public, or worse while driving.

In a state of anxiety, brain alterations make you lose your sense of balance, vision, and reality. It’s not uncommon to hallucinate under extreme anxiety.

By all means, keep yourself conscious to avoid further hurting yourself. Move your feet around, clench and unclench your hand, and do anything else that keeps you grounded in the present.

 

Find a focal point and divert all your attention to it

To quiet down an anxious brain, you need to minimize the number of external stimuli it gets. Pick a point anywhere in front of you and focus on it. Pour all your attention on it as if it is the only thing in existence. Analyze it thoroughly, detail from detail, and reflect on it for as long as you need to.

Anxiety usually dissipates when the brain focuses on something.

 

Try progressive muscle relaxation

If breathing isn’t working for you, progressive muscle relaxation will. Start with your hands. Ball them up into tight fists, hold and feel the sensation, then let go and feel your muscles relaxing.

Continue doing this for your arm, your shoulder, your chest, and your torso and legs until your anxiety goes away.

 

Picture yourself in your happy place

You’re no longer at the train station or coffee shop. Instead, you’re at that beach destination you’ve always wanted to go to. You’re at your son’s graduation, or your daughter’s wedding, or witnessing your child’s first steps.

Your happy place can be anything you want it to be, it just needs to distract you from the present. Much of anxiety management is distracting oneself from the repetitive negative thoughts causing you grief.

Divert your attention from whatever is causing you anxiety, and picture your perfect day or dream destination. A diversion is the quickest way to quell anxiety before it even starts.

 

Try some light exercise

Exercise releases endorphins into the bloodstream. Endorphins are the enemies of cortisol and corticotropin, the two stress hormones. Light jogging or brisk walking can inject you with some much-needed endorphins to overcome your anxiety.

Keep in mind that your body is already stressed as it is. Your heart rate is probably through the roof, so don’t engage in strenuous physical exercises at this time. Also, you may find it difficult to do anything particularly vigorous because of hyperventilation.

 

Take medication

If you have it handy, an anxiolytic drug can help your anxiety deescalate if it comes unexpectedly. These are not the only anti-anxiety drugs out there, but they’re generally more effective for most people.

There are a lot of ways to deal with anxiety. However, in a pinch, you will find that benzodiazepines are far more effective at quelling anxiety than herbal or homeopathic remedies. One such drug you can have handy at all times is Alprazolam, which is an FDA-approved anxiolytic.

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Stay away from caffeine

Caffeine is one of the substances that are notorious for exacerbating anxiety symptoms. Consuming coffee or soda during an anxiety attack could spell bad news for you. It is, after all, a stimulant that sends the brain into overdrive.

Make sure your diet contains little to no caffeine whatsoever if you get frequent anxiety attacks. Foods like chocolate and beverages like tea, coffee, and soda may increase the recurrence and intensity of your attacks.

 

Call your emergency contact

In case an attack catches you off-guard, it is best to call someone that can help you immediately. Severe anxiety attacks can be crippling. You may need someone’s help to get to a medical center, or to overcome the attack.

If you don’t have an emergency contact, call emergency services. Either way, don’t suffer on your own because some attacks can be horrendous.

Now you know what to do the next time an anxiety attack catches you flat-footed. Next, we take a positive turn to look at some of the anxiety success stories I’ve come across, plus some tasty tidbits about Emotional Support Animals (ESA) and what they can do for people with anxiety.

 

Chapter 9- Anxiety Success Stories and Emotional Support Animal (ESA) Tidbits

To wrap up our 2020 anxiety go-to-guide, I’m going to share some real-life stories about people who overcame anxiety, as well as why getting an ESA could be the turning point in your battle with anxiety.

I have handpicked the stories that I feel would be most relatable to a broader audience, and that contain some of the strategies we’ve discussed in the earlier chapters.

All of these stories are self-told. I am merely passing them on to you. So, if you’re ready for a happy ending, let’s dive in.

 

Success Story #1: Samantha’s Victory over SAD

Before last year, I was a perfectly healthy person. I was not psychotic, and I had never experienced hallucinations before, either. However, things took a turn for the worse when social anxiety disorder (SAD) took hold of me and refused to let go.

Deep inside, I always had a deep fear of social settings. Going to parties was an ordeal I just couldn’t handle. The mere thought of it gave me Goosebumps.

In retrospect, I should have known something was amiss when I looked at my high school attendance sheet. It was spotty at best.

When I turned 20, my family planned a surprise party. I don’t know what was worse; the fact that they planned it in a public restaurant, or the fact that they invited what seemed like a million people to my birthday party.

I remember clearly how quickly my chest tightened at the sight of all those people yelling “Surprise!” with an assortment of party favors stacked around them. I couldn’t breathe, and my legs were suddenly too weak to support me. When my vision started to blur out, I was certain that I was about to die.

That was the first of many anxiety attacks. Afterward, we went to see the family therapist, who gave me a screening questionnaire for social anxiety disorder. I was later diagnosed with an acute form of social anxiety.

The therapist was extremely helpful, and I owe my mental health to them. After some sessions, I opted for cognitive behavioral therapy as a means of getting over my anxiety. It wasn’t working quickly enough for me.

Soon, I started practicing breathing exercises and muscle relaxation. I was desperate for an answer, and I nearly gave up until my therapist prescribed a benzodiazepine drug to help with my anxiety.

From that day, every time I could feel an anxiety attack coming on, I would pop a pill, and it would all go away. It was liberating. I soon began getting my social life back on track. I could meet friends from school and even visit public spaces like malls by myself.

20 therapy sessions later, we finally found the underlying causes of my anxiety. I had so much pent up negativity that I was projecting it on everyone I saw.

I’m still attending therapy sessions, and occasionally taking a pill to stop an anxiety attack, but I am much more comfortable in social situations than I ever thought I would be. I am learning how to quell my attacks without medication, and soon, I will be completely capable of managing my anxiety using these self-taught techniques. I couldn’t be happier.”

Samantha is a perfect example of how destructive social anxiety can be. She is a fighter, though, and so are you. Anxiety should not be left to dictate your daily life.

 

What to know before consulting anxiety doctor
Things to know before consulting anxiety doctor

 

Success Story #2: Andrew Kicks Anxiety to the Curb

“My life was perfect. I was a middle-aged man with two beautiful kids and a loving wife. I had a great job at the bank, my own house, and I made enough to live comfortably and travel the world with my family. All this turned to dust when, one day, I was fired.

At first, I was sure it was a temporary setback. However, the bills started to pile up. The house needed groceries. We had a mortgage to pay. We couldn’t manage all that with just my wife’s salary.

I don’t know how it happened, but soon I was perpetually drunk. Alcohol was an escape from my overthinking mind. You don’t become an addict overnight, but when you finally realize that you are, everything changes.

Shame drove me to act aggressively towards my own family. I felt hopeless, useless, and soon, my only way out looked to be suicide. If it wasn’t for my patient, persistent, and caring wife, I would not be telling you this story.

As soon as she noticed my alcoholism, my wife was on blogs, message boards, and forums on anxiety management. She looked far and wide for a solution, and after consulting our insurance company, she signed me up for psychiatric sessions.

My family was nothing but supportive throughout. My wife somehow kept the house running on her income alone. Meanwhile, the therapist helped me discover a lot of negative emotions and thoughts that were the root of my anxiety.

Soon, I was taking exposure therapy to deal with my fear of financial instability and economic loss. My therapist also helped me discover that I was dealing with a lot of guilt, and I felt that I had let my family down.

In time, I quit binge drinking and took anxiolytics as prescribed. Later, I landed another job at a local bank and was finally able to take care of my lovely wife and children.

I couldn’t have overcome anxiety without their love and support, and I strongly advise anyone who feels stressed to get analyzed before the problem swallows them whole.”

Getting evaluated is the first step toward fighting off anxiety disorder. Don’t sit on your problems, thinking they will go away; they might just stay with you for life.

 

Success Story #3: Daniel Gets Over Anxiety with an ESA

Before we get to our last success story, I should mention a few things about Emotional Support Animals (ESAs).

It was Sigmund Freud himself, the famous psychoanalyst, who observed that people who love animals and keep them as pets release endorphins in higher amounts than those who don’t. Their mental health tends to be better too.

Mental health organizations recommend getting an ESA for psychological issues like anxiety. They can be instrumental in managing the more severe symptoms.

How can you get your very own emotional support animal? It’s easy. All you need is an ESA letter, and this is how you get that:

  1. Establish that you do need an ESA. Remember, ESAs are specially trained to provide emotional support. If you just want a pet, look into adopting from the shelter instead.
  2. If you have a trained pet, you need to acknowledge that and let the concerned parties know as well.
  3. Visit a licensed therapist for an evaluation. You can also apply for an ESA letter online, which is a different but straightforward process too.
  4. Wait for your ESA letter in the mail.

Our next protagonist, Daniel, used the same approach to get himself an ESA for his chronic anxiety problems.

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Here is his story.

“I am happy to be able to finally talk about my condition, which has troubled me for years. I would be glad if I am able to reach out to other people like me who need help with their anxiety.

For as long as I can remember, anxiety has been a part of my life. I’ve struggled daily through strange negative thoughts, night terrors, and a cascade of never-ending stress. As I grew older, the condition only became worse. I would suffer such intense anxiety attacks that by the time they were over, I’d be drenched in sweat, and my heart would be going a mile a minute.

I would spend hours on health blogs, then soon these hours would be spent in a therapists’ office. Prescriptions followed, and though I did my best never to skip doses, the symptoms didn’t seem to go away.

One day, as per my physician’s request to participate in light exercises, I found myself in the park after a mile-long jog. I was sitting on a park bench, mulling over my dark thoughts, as usual, when suddenly I was broken out of my reverie by something warm and wet on my bare shins. It was a cute little dog.

Soon after, the owner, a flustered lady, came over apologizing profusely for the dog, which had apparently broken its leash. I waved away her apology, and we sat and talked for a while. She had three lovely Pomeranians. We talked about a lot of things, including her cute, furry babies.

After she left, it suddenly hit me: I had not thought of anything but dogs in nearly 45 minutes! Heck, I had even temporarily forgotten that I had anxiety! It felt like a miracle had just happened.

That night, I did my research about animals and anxiety. I was ecstatic. Apparently, animals could provide emotional support, which is what I felt with the nice lady’s dogs at the park.

You can guess what I spent most of my next therapy session talking about. My therapist agreed, and through him, I obtained an ESA later. That same day, I adopted a trained, friendly, and very lively Dalmatian and named him Barney.

Since Barney came home, even my medication seems to be working at hyper strength. We are making a lot of progress with my therapist too. I rarely have time to overthink things, and Barney never lets me worry—he’s always ready to distract me with a few acrobatic runs around the house.

My only regret is that I didn’t stumble upon ESAs sooner. I highly recommend anyone who feels like their medication or therapy has stalled to consider getting an ESA. It will change your life, I assure you.”

 

Conclusion

The ultimate guide for anxiety, unfortunately, ends here. Within these pages is all the information you might need to learn about your condition and do something about it.

Anxiety affects a lot of peoples’ livelihoods, even without their knowledge. However, it doesn’t have to. Knowing is half the battle, and with this information at your disposal, you’re halfway to victory against chronic anxiety disorders.

If you’re finding a reliable source to get your anxiety treated then MangoClinic is your safest bet. Schedule an appointment to seek assistance from our highly professional and experienced healthcare professionals.

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What Are Benzodiazepines?

Among the most popular types of prescription drugs are benzodiazepines, commonly referred to as “benzos.” These drugs are most commonly prescribed for anxiety treatment. Additionally, getting prescribed is not too difficult, as long as you have a valid reason for needing the prescription. Benzodiazepines are widely available in generic form, though branded drugs still exist and continue to be a dominant form of recognition of the drug in some parts of the world. Lorazepam also known by its brand name of Ativan is amongst the popular ones.

Around the world, people take different types of medicine for various reasons. These reasons can be because of ailments, symptoms, disorders, or just general stress from life. Sometimes the reasons are not so well defined, and many times they do not have to be, depending on the person. The widespread creation of prescription drugs has allowed many people from all walks of life the opportunity to find relief in an easy and safe manner. Precisely for this reason, Mango Clinic Miami can help you get the right help and appropriate prescription medication you need. With the help of our professional medical staff, we will be able to evaluate your situation and determine which type of medicine is best for you. Every patient is different, which means not every drug will work for everyone. Mango Clinic understands this, which is why we make sure to take care of each patient and understand their unique situation.

What Is Lorazepam?

Among the benzodiazepines that have proven popular with users is lorazepam, which is often taken for treating anxiety disorders, sleep disorders, seizures, and withdrawal. If you feel regularly anxious, lorazepam will calm you down and let you live a more balanced life. While not intended to be taken for long periods of time, this drug, like other benzos, has proven to be a significant benefit for those who otherwise would continue having severe anxiety.

Lorazepam works by interacting with the body’s GABA receptors and neurotransmitters. By bonding with the GABA neurotransmitter, it is able to influence the actions of the receptors that flow throughout the body. This then allows the user to become more relaxed and calm, resulting in a substantial decrease in anxiety. This also affects the parts of the body that can cause seizures, which is what makes lorazepam recommended for those who suffer from the disorder.

Buy Ativan
Lorazepam works by enhancing the effects of GABA receptors

Lorazepam Risks

Individual users may have complications with taking lorazepam, which can be the result of previous issues or life circumstances. Some of these can be age, such as people being too young or too elderly to take lorazepam without assistance if they can take it at all. Being hypersensitive or having sleep apnea can also prevent some people from being able to take the drug. If you are pregnant or may become pregnant, taking any type of benzodiazepine is not recommended.

Like with any benzodiazepine, there are serious risks involved with taking lorazepam. While these side-effects do not affect everyone, it is still imperative that you understand the possible effects that can happen to you. It can also help you better decide whether the drug in question is best for you, especially since it can vary from person to person.

Lorazepam Side-Effects

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Common side-effects associated with lorazepam involve feeling overwhelmingly tired and exhausted. Sedation is among the most prominent of the different side-effects, which can contribute to the suggestion of when and how one should take the drug. It is not too unusual to feel tired after taking a benzodiazepine, but sometimes the effects can be stronger and less warranted than expected. For these reasons, always be sure you fully understand the possible consequences of taking lorazepam or similar benzo.

With all prescription drugs, there are risks involved with how the medicine will affect the user. However, for all the good benzodiazepines have proven to be for so many across the world, there are some serious consequences. While it does not happen to everyone, benzos have been known to cause dependency in many of its users. This means that patients can become addicted to drugs, which might then lead to tolerance.

Lorazepam Dependency And Tolerance

Dependency and tolerance are among the most dangerous risks one can face when taking benzodiazepines. Among the side-effects, problems arising from addiction to benzos have been cited as a major issue that affects many. The legal status of the drug, combined with how easy it can be to acquire, sometimes results in situations where users become addicted.

These issues of dependence, along with tolerance, can cause overdoses, something that has happened to an alarming degree. Even if it never gets to that, there is still the danger of the body becoming tolerant of the drug, causing the user to increase their dosage and want more benzos. This can be a bad way to live one’s life, especially since drugs like lorazepam are meant to be a short term part of one’s treatment. Those with addictive histories are strongly advised against taking benzos for this reason.

If you or a loved one requires anxiety treatment in the form of medications, make sure you understand the risks involved before consulting with your doctor. Once you have decided that you may need anxiety medication, get in touch with Mango Clinic to make your appointment. Our staff of licensed doctors can help you understand which drugs are best for your unique situation, along with possible risks and benefits. Call us on (786) 422-9327 or visit our website to schedule your appointment today.

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Valium (Diazepam) Overview, Uses, and Side-Effects

What Are Benzodiazepines?

Benzodiazepines are prescription drugs that help people who may be suffering from disorders or ailments, such as anxiety disorder. Diazepam is one such type of “benzo” which many across the country and world take for treatment. Drugs such as diazepam, widely known by its brand name Valium, can be very helpful for so many, but only under the supervision of a licensed doctor.

Mango Clinic Miami is dedicated to helping patients who are both local and from all over the country. We want to make sure everyone has access to life-changing medicine that can improve the well being of everyone who takes them. Our professional staff of licensed physicians can help you with a wide variety of health services, including prescription medication.

There are strong similarities between the various benzodiazepines that exist. Benzos are usually taken by those who suffer from severe anxiety, which allows them to stay more relaxed. While not a permanent solution, benzos are still recommended by many for taking care of one’s ailment or disorder, which can affect anyone of any age.

What Is Valium (Diazepam)?

Diazepam is a popular type of benzo that is more famously known under the brand name of Valium. This specific brand was created in the late 1950s; it was among the top-selling prescription drugs in the latter half of the 20th century. While still popular, it has long since been available in generic form, allowing for more companies to produce the drug and more patients to be prescribed.

What is Valium
Valium (diazepam) description and uses

Drugs like diazepam work much in the same way as other benzodiazepines. There is a neurotransmitter in the body known as GABA, along with the A receptors, which form the GABA ionotropic receptor. The benzo attaches to one side of where GABA is, which allows for the neurotransmitter to take on a different effect by way of affected receptors. This results in patients feeling the effects that reduce anxiety and produce calm.

Who Is Valium For?

On the surface, diazepam is for people who suffer from anxiety disorders, but it is also used for people who have insomnia, panic disorders, and alcohol withdrawal. In truth, there are a variety of reasons one might want to take diazepam, as a variety of symptoms can be treated with it. Some of these other symptoms that can be treated with diazepam include muscle spasms, restless leg syndrome, treatment from hallucinogens, and even withdrawal from other benzos.

Seizures and related conditions, in particular, can be treated by diazepam in different forms. While the drug is not intended for long time use, it has still been found to be useful for those who have epilepsy. Long term use can result in the body becoming immune to the drug, and this can be highly problematic with regards to patients suffering from seizures.

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As for how intense or severe your symptoms should be, this is not something you should worry too much about. You do not have to be under an extreme situation to be prescribed any type of benzodiazepine. Meet with your local physician and explain to them why you are interested in diazepam, and they will perform an evaluation. If your doctor believes that your symptoms can be treated with Valium, then you will be given a prescription.

This also expands who is allowed to take diazepam, as some may think you have to have some type of disorder. The ease at which benzos can be acquired makes it easy for many who need the medicine to have it. People with severe conditions, as well as others with less severe ailments, are able to easily get a prescription that can change their lives for the better. The drug’s existence in generic form also allows for more people to get their hands on it without restricting it to those who can afford the higher costs of brand names.

It should also be known what sort of person should not be taking diazepam. Certain conditions prevent potential patients from being able to take the drug, and they can vary in severity. People who suffer from glaucoma, hepatitis, sleep apnea, drug or alcohol dependence, or depression are advised from taking diazepam. Women who are pregnant or may become pregnant should also not begin taking benzodiazepines, due to the way the medicine can transfer into the womb.

Diazepam Side-Effects

Diazepam Side-Effects
If you experience any of these side-effects stop using the drug immediately and seek professional help

Like with many other types of benzodiazepines, diazepam is a drug that comes with severe risks and side-effects. While feeling sluggish and exhausted are among the most common of these effects, there are others which can be more problematic. An increase in depression is one, as is amnesia, which can cause patients to forget things while they’re taking diazepam. This means things that happen during treatment can be forgotten, though things learned before are retained.

One of the biggest dangers involved with benzos is dependence and tolerance, two things that are often intertwined with one another. If you take diazepam for too long, your body can become tolerant; this can lead to a patient wanting a higher dose or not realizing how much they’re taking.

The issue of dependence causes patients to continue wanting more of the drug, which can then lead to overdosing. Getting an overdose from a benzodiazepine is among the most severe and acknowledged risks associated with the drug. A shockingly high number of users of these drugs end up becoming dependent and having an overdose; as many as one-third of all users are at risk.

Since diazepam is not to be taken for an extended period, it is recommended, when it’s time to get off the drug, to start slow. It can be easy for some to become dependent, and a slow start is what helps patients get off the medication safely and securely. You lower the prescription after a few weeks and keep going lower until the patient can safely stop taking the drug.

If feel Valium or any other type of benzodiazepine may be right for you, get in touch with Mango Clinic. Our staff of medical professionals is here to help you understand how these drugs work, risks involved, and which one can work best for you. You can make your appointment by calling 786-391-0269 or visiting our website’s appointment page.


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What Is Anxiety?

Do you ever get really nervous when having to talk in front of a crowd? Have you ever been in a situation that had you feeling very uncomfortable due to what felt like an irrational fear? Perhaps riding on an airplane makes you sweat, even if you are not exactly sure as to why. Maybe having to decide what to order off a restaurant’s menu causes you to get antsy.

If you can relate to any of these examples, it is possible you have a generalized anxiety disorder. Mango Clinic Miami can help you find the right solutions to your disorder by assessing your individual needs and finding what works best for you. We know living with anxiety is not easy, so we always want to make sure that your unique needs are met. It’s important for you to understand what anxiety is, its symptoms, and how it can be treated.

Anxiety as a disorder involves having reactionary sensations and emotions as a very regular part of your life. For some people, having high anxiety and maybe even panic attacks is something they have become accustomed to and work around. Others may limit the things they do in life because of their anxiety, such as social interactions and even seeking help to improve their disorder.

While this can be detrimental to a person’s well-being, it’s important to remember where it might be coming from. Much of a person’s anxiety stems from past trauma, something major that happened that has since caused them to feel a certain way. These experiences have resulted in their bodies responding to certain situations in a specific way, whether it be panic or fear. Those who seek therapy for their anxiety will likely consult with someone who will help them confront what causes their anxiety. There are some different ways this can be done, but the end goal is always to make sure that the patient will be able to recover from their anxiety in a healthy and beneficial way.

Drugs for Anxiety Miami

A popular and proven supplement for combating anxiety is medication. For those who may have severe symptoms and need an additional treatment option, anti-anxiety drugs are a well-liked choice for helping people find relief.

When it comes to the medication itself, there exist a broad spectrum of types and brands, all with their own chemical makeup. Just how everyone’s anxiety disorder is different than another’s, not every type of anxiety drug will work equally for all. It’s always crucial that, if you’re interested in medication, that you consult with your physician which one is best for you.

Anxiety Drugs

There are two main medication types for anxiety:

  • Antidepressants
  • Benzodiazepines

Antidepressants and benzodiazepines are drugs which rework the neurotransmitters in your brain so that you will feel more relaxed. Each one has its own set of drug types, which feature brand names that are easy to seek out.

Anxiety drugs that fall under antidepressants include:

  • Celexa (citalopram)
  • Lexapro (escitalopram)
  • Prozac (fluoxetine)
  • Zoloft (sertraline)
  • Paxil (paroxetine)
  • Viibryd (vilazodone)
  • Anafranil (clomipramine)
  • Tofranil (imipramine)
  • Marplan (isocarboxazid)
  • Nardil (phenelzine)
  • Emsam (selegiline)
  • Parnate (tranylcypromine)

Some of these antidepressants are known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which increase the serotonin levels in your body to affect your mind and body. SSRIs and their associated types are among the most popular and well-known examples of antidepressants.

Anti-anxiety drugs that fall under benzodiazepines include:

  • Valium (diazepam)
  • Tranxene (clorazepate)
  • Serax (oxazepam)
  • Ativan (lorazepam)
  • Klonopin (clonazepam)
  • Xanax (alprazolam)
  • Tranxene (clorazepate)
  • Halcion (triazolam)
  • Dalmane (flurazepam)
  • Librium (chlordiazepoxide)

All of these drugs can give off different reactions and vary in their effectiveness. Some of the drugs mentioned can last for a couple of days, whereas others only last for a few hours. It will be up to you and your physician to decide which anxiety drugs will work best for you.

How to Ask Your Doctor for Anxiety Drugs

Asking For Anxiety Drugs

Before you can get your hands on any medication, you need to go through your physician first. A DEA-licensed doctor is the only person who can prescribe you to get any kind of medication. If you’re going to see someone about getting this kind of medication, make sure they are licensed, otherwise, you will not have the approval to get anxiety drugs.

A licensed doctor will have to evaluate you to make sure you qualify for anxiety medication, which means making sure it will be the best option for you. Once you have been approved, you and your doctor will decide on which specific drug for you to take. You will likely be prescribed a low dosage, but you can always consult with your doctor in case you need an increase.

Recreational Use and Consequences

Unfortunately, anti-anxiety drugs are ripe for abuse. Since their aim is to make the person feel much better, users can become easily addicted, especially since they are not illegal and not always that hard to get. They may even be seen as relatively okay for overuse since licensed medical doctors prescribe them. However, these drugs can end up doing much more harm than good if they are not used appropriately.

It’s been shown that benzodiazepines cause many of the overdose deaths that have occurred in North America. They are also among the most prescribed drugs, which leads to a lot of abuse from patients. In recent years, death by benzodiazepines has surpassed some other drugs, such as cocaine and heroin, in a way that had not been seen before. While just taking the drugs as they are is easily abused, they can also be crushed and inhaled through one’s nose. This technique, like injections, allows the person to get a more direct concentration of the drug into their bodies.

Anxiety Drugs Side-Effects

Anxiety drugs can have a variety of side-effects, so it’s important to understand the possible risks before being prescribed.

  • Nausea: This can occur while your body gets used to the drug. It’s also important to make sure you don’t take these drugs on an empty stomach, as they can cause nausea more easily.
  • Fatigue: Feeling more tired than usual is something that might happen when you take these drugs, so make sure you’re taking it easy most days. At the same time, you can do some minor exercise (like walking) while also taking naps when you get tired.
  • Insomnia: If you’re feeling tired during the day, it may be because you aren’t sleeping like you used to. Try and take your medication in the morning if this happens to you; if it persists, you may need something else to combat insomnia.
  • Weight Gain: You might find your appetite changing, which can lead to you eating more than you have before. It’s important to watch what you eat while you’re taking these drugs, so talk with a dietitian if you need to.
  • Sex: It’s not unusual for these drugs to affect sexual performance and possibly cause dysfunction. These can include difficulty reaching orgasm, keeping an erection, and a general reduction in your sex drive.
  • Dry Mouth: This is common, so make sure you keep your mouth moist with water, chewing gum, or sugarless candy. Avoid anything that can keep your mouth dry, such as alcohol, tobacco, and carbonated drinks.

Anxiety Treatment in Miami

If you think you are suffering from generalized anxiety disorder, and think medication could help you, then come to Mango Clinic. Located near Downtown Miami, we will be able to examine and determine for you the best treatment options to help you recover. Call us today or visit our webpage so you can schedule your visit today.

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