How Is Moderately Severe Depression Treated?
According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, nearly 10% of adults in the United States suffer from depression each year. We all feel different from time to time and may have short-term periods of sadness, but depression is a condition that makes it hard for a person to perform their daily activities. The good news is that depression can be tested and treated effectively. Depression is defined as a mental health condition that negatively affects how someone thinks, feels, or acts. However, the impact it has on every individual varies because each person reacts to this condition variously. Also, there is a classification of depression by the degree of severity, that is, mild, moderate, and severe, and their symptoms are different.
Severe Depression greatly hampers one’s normal functioning. It differs from mild depression in terms of frequency and severity of symptoms and can be diagnosed through a moderately severe depression test. Two major symptoms that mark moderately severe depression include decreased interest in activities and persistent low mood.
To cover the topic in more detail, we will look at depression in relation to:
Moderately severe depression needs to be treated by experts at the right time. Get in touch with us today to get your symptoms checked.
Diagnosis of Moderately Severe Depression
There is no way a person can tell whether they are suffering from depression or what type of depression they are having without consulting a specialist. The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist has to run a physical or a lab test and ask questions to determine any form of underlying condition before making any conclusions.
The doctor also has to check the signs and symptoms a person has been experiencing. Generally, a patient diagnosed with clinical depression must have shown at least five to nine symptoms listed in DSM-5 by an American Psychiatric Association within two weeks.
Symptoms of Moderately Severe Depression
Women are more likely to experience severe and moderate depression compared to men, exposing them more to health risks. Still, for every person, the symptoms of this condition may include:
- Low energy or fatigue. Depression and exhaustion are highly related. The patient with depression feels a lack of energy to perform any task.
- Difficulty in concentration. Depression makes it hard for a patient to focus on any activity they are doing.
- Less interest in taking part in activities. The patient feels less to no motivation to work.
- Feeling depressed and easily irritated. One tends to feel alone and gets annoyed easily.
- Feeling less worthy due to low self-esteem. If this symptom is severe, it may lead to suicidal thoughts.
- Becoming less mobile. A person has little interest in going to different places or leaving the house
Other moderately severe depression symptoms include:
- Loss of appetite. It may result in rapid weight loss. Fluctuations in appetite make one eat less or settle for a particular food set that may be unhealthy.
- Difficulty sleeping. Depression, if not well attended to, can lead to other conditions like insomnia and causes sleeplessness.
- Decreased productivity and lack of motivation.
Note that there are also other medical conditions that tend to have similar symptoms and should be ruled out by the doctor. These include:
- Bipolar disorder. Bipolar 1 and 2 are marked by frequent periodic mood swings accompanied by depression. They also feature moderately severe depression risk factors.
- Dysthymia is less severe than other types of depression but tends to be longer-lasting.
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This is a condition that affects one a week before the menstrual cycle.
Depression has different stages, it’s good to get help at an early stage. If you feel you need help, contact Mango Clinic today.
Causes of Depression
According to WHO, Moderately severe depression causes include the following:
- Medication. Certain medications may have depression as one of the side effects. It can be dangerous, especially if the drugs are ingested over a long period.
- Chronic health condition. Having to battle chronic health conditions or terminal illnesses can take a toll on an individual’s well-being due to constant stress.
- Other mental conditions like bipolar disorder or a premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
- Poverty. Thousands of people who are living under the poverty line have a high risk of depression.
- Having family members with depression. Having to take care of our loved ones is always our top priority. Still, taking care of a sick family member can equally affect your mood because you are likely to constantly think of how soon they will adjust to normal life.
Depression can be treated by physiotherapy, medication, or a combination of both. Let’s have a look at these options in detail.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the therapy that is most commonly used to cure depression. It focuses on helping the patient identify negative thoughts causing this condition and practicing a positive attitude. The treatment plan usually includes 10 to 20 sessions. Other forms of therapy used to treat depression include:
- Dialectical behavior therapy
- Interpersonal therapy
- Psychodynamic therapy
Many antidepressants can be used to cure depression. The most common type is referred to as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRIs], it includes Zoloft, Paxil, and Prozac. These medications have fewer side effects, so most doctors prefer to prescribe them. Other options include SNRIs and Tricyclic antidepressants.
The Bottom Line
Depression has led to many cases of substance abuse and suicides. If you or anyone you know suffers from depression, do not shy away from seeking or recommending mental health assistance. Contact us for help in diagnosing and treating depression.