Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a disorder that challenges an individualâ€™s ability to pay attention, organize themselves and interact properly with orders. It is of three types, namely:
- Hyperactivity or impulsivity: Just like the name states, the individual is too hyperactive to pay attention, organize himself or interact properly with others. They tend to have excess energy and are unable to contain themselves.
- Attention deficit: This case is the opposite of hyperactivity disorder. In this case, the individual acts like someone lost in his own word. He will easily lose interest in daily activities, amongst other features.
- Hybrid: This is not exactly a type. It is a combination of the two types above. Individuals with cases like this tend to exhibit both signs and symptoms for hyperactivity and attention ADHD.
Treatment of ADHD
With adequate knowledge of the disorder, let us examine how to treat it.
What most individuals know about ADHD is that you use drugs to treat it. Truth is, there is more to the treatment of ADHD than the use of medications alone. Permit me to enlighten you on the types or forms of treatment for ADHD.
Types or forms of treatment of ADHD
When it comes to the treatment of ADHD, there are two types of treatments. They include medication-based treatment and non-medication based treatment. We shall be taking it one at a time, starting from medication-based treatment.
Medication-based ADHD treatment
This is the use of drugs to treat ADHD. These drugs are majorly of two types, stimulants and non-stimulant. Antidepressants are not a type of ADHD drug but support drugs. It is a support drug because it helps to suppress some side effects of the major ADHD drugs
Types of medication-based ADHD treatment
- Stimulants: these drugs get their name from their quick ability to take effects by altering parts of the brain control certain actions. They include methylphenidate, amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, dexmethylphenidate, amphetamine sulfate amongst others. There are various categories of stimulants as well, but that discussion is for another day.
- Non-stimulants: unlike stimulants, non-stimulants do not take effect very quickly. While stimulants need hours to take effect, non-stimulants need days to take effect. While stimulants are the first reference for treating ADHD, it may not always work. Non-stimulants are equally good alternatives to stimulants for the treatment of ADHD. They include atomoxetine, long-acting clonidine, bupropion, long-acting guanfacine, amongst others.
- Antidepressants: as I was saying earlier, depressants help to curb the side effects of ADHD drugs especially stimulants. They are similar to taking analgesics alongside the drugs doctors recommend for your illness.
Non-medication based ADHD treatment
This involves the treatment of ADHD without the use of drugs. Often called the counseling-based approach, this treatment involves teaching the individual with ADHD the acceptable behaviors.
Types of non-medication based ADHD treatment
- Behavior therapy: this involves teaching the child to monitor his behaviors. Before you can apply this technique, you need to outline acceptable behaviors from unacceptable ones. With that in mind, you can go ahead and enforce acceptable behaviors.
- Psychotherapy: this involves the use of a therapist. The individual will have sessions with the specialist and talk about everything. Their relationship with their peers, parents, teachers, bosses, and their own behaviors. This process has its own way of helping the individual learn.
- Social skill training: this involves individuals close to the individual with ADHD teaching the individual with ADHD necessary social skills. Social skills like waiting their turn, allowing others to go first, organizing tasks, knowing when to stop talking and allowing others to talk.
- Support groups: this involves the individual with ADHD joining groups of individuals with ADHD. They learn by sharing their experiences, shortcomings, improvements, and other necessary information that can help them develop and adjust to regular life.
When it comes to the treatment of ADHD, it involves the use of medication and non-medication based therapy. Even after taking all the drugs, the individual with ADHD will still have to learn the proper behavior in order to avoid relapse. Besides, even your doctor will suggest you take breaks between medications to assess their effect so far. In other words, I am saying that no type of treatment is superior to each other as they both work together.