Causes of ASD
Either personally experiencing a traumatic incident or watching a terrible event might result in acute stress disorder. Examples of such events include:
- Experiencing a natural disaster
- Car accident
- Any near-death experience
- The sudden death of a loved one
- Physical or sexual abuse
The effects of acute stress are brief and can be handled with effective coping strategies. Try following effective management techniques to overcome stress resulting from traumatic incidents.
- Get social support: Your social network can help you lessen the burden of your traumatic thoughts. Try to discuss your thoughts with someone, as opposed to avoiding them. You are processing your ideas, emotions, and memories in this way. PTSD symptoms can develop as a result of not processing your thoughts.
- Reduce the amount of news: The repeated airing of news reports on a catastrophe or traumatic incident can exacerbate stress, depression, and anxiety and cause some people to repeatedly experience the event. Spend less time watching or listening to the news, and do more calming things to aid in your recovery and forward motion.
- Maintain a routine: Try to consume meals at regular intervals and establish a sleep plan. Include one enjoyable or uplifting activity that you may anticipate doing every day or every week in your routine. If you can, incorporate exercise into your everyday regimen as well. A routine will keep you busy and your mind productive throughout the day.
- Practice deep breathing: It is a practice that allows more air to enter your body and can help you relax, which lowers stress and anxiety. Additionally, it can help you increase your attention span. Instead of taking quick, shallow breaths when you’re agitated or worried, deep breathing includes taking longer, slower breaths from your stomach.
Treatment Options for Acute Stress Disorder
Depending on the severity of your symptoms, treatment for acute stress disorder typically involves the use of medication and psychotherapy.
- Therapy: One of the most popular types of psychotherapy for patients with ASD is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Through CBT, patients learn how to manage the aftereffects of the traumatic incident and how to avoid their triggers. Other forms of psychotherapies found to be effective for acute stress include cognitive processing therapy (CPT), and prolonged exposure (PE).
- Medications: People who do not respond to therapy and whose symptoms are severe may be treated through medications. However, they are not the first-line treatment approach for ASD. Some of the medications used are:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
- Benzodiazepines (generally not recommended)
- Low-dose hydrocortisone
Before You Leave
Although acute stress is easily manageable, it can have more serious consequences if it repeatedly occurs or is left untreated. If you believe you have the majority of the symptoms of acute stress disorder and you or your loved one has recently experienced trauma, don’t wait to seek help. Connect with experts at Mango Clinic for appropriate help with your problems.