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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, shortly known as ADHD, is a chronic mental condition that mostly affects children and, occasionally, adults. Generally, the condition is characterized by impulsivity, difficulty to pay attention, and hyperactivity. However, like other common mental conditions, these symptoms vary from one person to another. Similarly, the symptoms can occur together in some cases or occur individually without others.

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Diagnosis and classification of ADHD depend on the presenting symptoms, which become apparent as the child grows. Below are the common types of ADHD.


1. Hyperactive-Impulsive Type 

As the name suggests, hyperactivity and impulsivity mainly characterize this type of ADHD. However, children may not demonstrate any abnormal behavior in their early childhood, during the preschool and early school years. Though your child may demonstrate different behaviors, they are within the normal range. For instance, the child may run in circles, bang into people and objects, ask endless questions and doesn’t rest. 

However, as the child grows, they demonstrate behavior signaling hyperactivity and impulsivity. This includes running around the house restlessly, climbing on furniture, and refusing to stay calm when eating or reading. If not intervened, children with hyperactive-impulsive ADHD develop into middle childhood with these symptoms.


Causes of Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD


They may play actively for long, interrupt other children’s games, have difficulty in completing chores, cannot sit at mealtimes, fidgets with everything, and makes disruptive noise. Similarly, your child can grow with these symptoms into adolescence if not treated. 

In adulthood, affected individuals can engage in active social activities for abnormally long periods, fooling around that annoys others, engage in very risky behaviors, restless, interrupts others, and often gets in trouble. Hyperactive symptoms may decrease or be replaced with restlessness in adulthood. 

Key symptoms of hyperactive-impulsive ADHD include:

  • Constant fidgeting 
  • Squirming 
  • Frequent interruptions 
  • Talking or blurting out 
  • Inability to stay calm. 
  • Running and climbing inappropriately. 
  • Always “on the go.” 
  • Cannot play quietly

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2. Inattentive Type 

As the name suggests, children with the inattentive type of ADHD have trouble focusing on activities and easily get distracted. For one to be diagnosed with this condition, they should present at least six of the following symptoms: 

  • Doesn’t pay attention to detail 
  • Makes careless mistakes 
  • Difficulty in listening 
  • Unable to follow and understand instructions 
  • Easily distracted 
  • Very forgetful 
  • Avoids tasks that require a lot of effort 
  • Losing key items required to complete a task 

Even with the above symptoms, your doctor can suggest some tests to rule out medical conditions that present with similar symptoms. That said, your child may be examined for anxiety and depression, hearing and vision problems, and learning disabilities.

Children with inattentive ADHD can benefit from medications that improve their concentration. Therapies with various devices can also help stimulate specific parts of the brain that causes ADHD. One of the FDA’s recently approved devices is the Monarch external Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation System, which has proven effective for children above 7 years who have not taken any ADHD medication. Experts also suggest a combination of therapy and medication. 

Behavior therapy, which involves some parenting tactics, is also beneficial. For instance, you can establish a reward system for excellent behavior and withdraw some privileges if the child engages in unwanted behaviors. 


Causes of Inattentive ADHD


Parents and teachers can also use the following tips to improve the behaviors of children with inattentive ADHD. 

  • Have to-do lists 
  • Divide large projects into small tasks 
  • Give clear and easily understandable instructions. 
  • Establish a routine 
  • Minimize distractions 


3. Combination Type

 Children suffering from a combination type of ADHD don’t have exclusive symptoms for inattention or hyperactive-impulsive type. Such patients have combined symptoms from both types. This means that such children have severe symptoms compared to those diagnosed with predominantly inattentive or hyperactive-impulsive types. 

With combined symptoms, diagnosing combined ADHD is quite challenging. However, psychiatrists use the DSM-5 classification manual to categorize children based on the evaluation of their behavior. For one to be diagnosed with combined ADHD, they should demonstrate at least six symptoms of hyperactive-impulsive behavior and inattention. Additionally, the behaviors should have disrupted the child’s life for at least six months.  

Apart from showing patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, DSM-5 classification states that the patient should have displayed these symptoms before 12 years. They should also be present in more than one settings, such as both at home and at school.

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Bottom Line

While the causes of ADHD are unknown, most researchers suggest that the traits are genetically inherited and passed from parents to children. That aside, other factors thought to increase the risk of ADHD in children include premature birth, brain injuries during birth, low birth weight, exposure to lead during childhood, and excessive cigarette smoking and alcoholism during pregnancy. 

Early detection and expert intervention can help reduce the severity of the symptoms and promote child growth. That said, if your child has symptoms aligning with this condition, book an appointment with Mango Clinic. Experts in the clinic will assess and treat your child accordingly.

Contact Us at Mango Clinic for natural ADHD treatment or click the banner below to book your appointment.





Adderall is a stimulant that, when taken, increases your ability to focus. It also boosts the ability to pay attention and regulate behavioral problems. Mainly, it is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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This prescription drug requires a proper prescription from a licensed pharmacist. Even with the tremendous results, patients report having some severe side effects, especially when taken without a prescription or supervision from a medic.

These side effects include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dizziness and headaches
  • Diarrhea and fever
  • Weight loss, dry mouth, and stomach pain
  • Increased blood pressure or hypertension
  • Blood flow problems, especially at the extremities such as toes and fingers
  • Mental, mood, and behavioral change
  • Change in sexual ability or desires
  • Uncontrolled movements, among others

As the list above indicates, Adderall may not be the best treatment to help you focus. There are many side-effects to consider and should only be taken after consultation with a doctor.

In this piece, we discuss what Adderall is and what other natural alternatives you can use to boost your focus.


What Is Adderall, and How Does It Work?

Adderall has gained a lot of traction in the medical industry among patients looking to stay focused, complete tasks, or treat ADHD. You might have heard of it or used it.

So, What Is Adderall?

Adderall is a prescription drug that combines two central nervous stimulants to help reduce impulsivity while boosting focus. The Food and Drug Administration approved it in 1996.


Adderall is effective for ADHD.


How Does It Work?

Adderall alters some naturally occurring chemicals in the brain to help improve your concentration and attention. When taken, Adderall affects the functioning of neurotransmitters.

Since this is a prescription drug, different people will receive different doses from their doctors.

Adderall is also used to treat daytime sleeping sickness or narcolepsy to help you complete tasks.


Is Adderall Effective?

According to a survey conducted by the Cleveland Clinic, doctors who prescribed Adderall alongside their behavioral therapy sessions reported a 70% improvement in symptoms of their adult patients. These numbers range from 70-80% among children who reported an improvement in the symptoms of ADHD. So, you can say that Adderall is useful.

However, even with all the success in treating ADHD, there has been an emphasis on looking for Adderall alternatives. Why could this be?

The main reason behind the quest to find better natural Adderall alternatives are the side-effects associated with the use of this pharmaceutical drug.

Well, the good news is that there are alternatives. Keep reading to find out more on 9 of the best natural Adderall alternatives to boost your focus:

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1. Methionine

Methionine is an amino acid that plays a crucial role in brain chemicals. It is an antioxidant that helps protect you from the harmful effects of toxins that accumulate in the body.

Nowadays, it is used in its active form for ADHD treatment and complications resulting from depression.

Some of the foods rich in Methionine include:

  • Eggs
  • Meat and fish
  • Sesame seeds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Seeds and cereal grains

How Does Methionine Work?

As mentioned before, Methionine is an antioxidant. And by preventing the accumulation of toxic material in your body, it helps to protect the brain from any damages.


Methionine is effective for liver problems.


Side Effects

Amino acid supplements tend to cause a negative nitrogen imbalance in the body. In turn, this affects your metabolism and makes your kidneys run in overdrive. Children who take Methionine could also experience some growth problems.

Other side effects of Methionine include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dizziness and drowsiness
  • Irritability
  • Constipation
  • Low blood pressure


2. Vitamin B-6

Pyridoxine or Vitamin B-6 is another natural Adderall alternative. It plays a crucial part in the making of serotonin, a hormone produced by the brain to regulate moods and induce calmness.

According to a study conducted on the effect of Vitamin B-6 for ADHD treatment, patients recorded improvements in their symptoms, including aggression, inattention, and hyperactivity.

Foods rich in Vitamin B-6 include:

  • Pork
  • Poultry, such as chicken and turkey
  • Peanuts
  • Soya beans
  • Wheat germ and oats
  • Milk
  • Bananas
  • Fortified breakfast cereals

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Possible Side-Effects of Vitamin B-6

There are no significant side-effects reported after a subject takes vitamin B-6. However, when taken in an overdose, the supplement prescription could result in:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea and stomach ache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tingling
  • Sleepiness and headaches


3.  Pycnogenol

This is a brand name for extracts from pine bark. You can find the same compounds in wine, grapes, and some berries. This compound is an antioxidant and works to protect the brain while reducing inflammation and stress. As a result, it impacts favorably on the symptoms of ADHD by suppressing them.

Patients who used Pycnogenol as an Adderall alternative reported improved concentration, attention, and coordination, especially among children with mental conditions.

Foods rich in Pycnogenol include:

  • Grapes
  • Apples
  • Cocoa
  • Tea
  • Nuts

Side Effects of Pycnogenol

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Weight gain
  • Mouth ulcers and
  • Gut problems

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4. Citicoline

Citicoline works in a similar mode to phospholipids. These compounds work to repair the brain and reset it to standard functionality. Over the years, Citicoline, developed in Japan, has been used to treat:

  • Memory loss
  • Loss of vision due to glaucoma
  • Stroke
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Parkinson’s disease and
  • Bipolar disorder, among other mental health conditions.


While Citicoline is used as a supplement in the US, it is a prescription drug in many parts of the world. You can take it as an injection or via the mouth.

The dosage depends on the condition and age of the patient. However, it would be best if you always talked to a doctor before you take any Citicoline.


Clinical Uses of Citicoline


Side-Effects of Citicoline

  • Stomach problems
  • Headaches
  • High blood pressure or hypertension
  • Restlessness
  • Constipation, diarrhea, and nausea
  • Chest pains
  • Blurred vision


5. Mineral Supplements

The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, NCCIH, suggests that the lack of some minerals in the body could result in ADHD signs getting worse. In turn, they recommend that these minerals could help patients alleviate these symptoms.

These crucial minerals include:

  • Magnesium
  • Iron
  • Zinc

You can correct the deficiency of these minerals by introducing them to your diet. Some of the food rich in these minerals include:

  • Nuts
  • Beans
  • Avocados
  • Fruits
  • Ancient grains
  • Spirulina
  • Eggs
  • Vegetables

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Although these foods could be rich in these minerals, the optimal way to benefit from them as an Adderall alternative is to take mineral supplements.

Side Effects of Mineral Supplements

  • Stomach bleeding
  • Abnormal heartbeat
  • Confusion
  • Increased urination
  • Muscle weakness



GABA or gamma-aminobutyric acid is a neurotransmitter that regulates the activities of neurons in the brain. It acts to soothe the brain by blinding neurons, which inhibits transmission in the brain. The result is a calm and relaxed nervous activity, which is significant in treating stress and anxiety.

In children, GABA helps reduce hyperactivity, aggression, and impulsivity, which are the symptoms of ADHD.

Side-Effects of GABA

  • Muscle weakness
  • Stomach issues and
  • Sleepiness


GABA is effective for anxiety.


7. Organic Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Another good addition to the list of Adderall alternatives is the organic lion’s mane mushroom. It offers a long-term effect in boosting the activity of the brain. The Chinese understood these beneficial attributes a long time ago and have since used this edible fungus for various health benefits.

Besides improving cognitive ability, it also helps you concentrate when studying.

The best part about this mushroom is the lack of verified side-effects after animal testing, making it one of a kind.

8. Ginkgo Biloba

Over the years, people have been using Ginkgo Biloba to treat various health conditions such as:

  • Memory loss
  • Dizziness/ vertigo
  • Glaucoma
  • Cognitive disorders
  • Cerebral vascular insufficiency, among others

It is also known to improve blood flow, which works well to enhance brain activity.


Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo Biloba is effective for anxiety.


Side Effects of Ginkgo Biloba

  • Headaches
  • Stomach upsets
  • Constipation
  • Skin reaction due to allergies


9. Phosphatidylserine

This is a phospholipid compound used in the making of nerve tissues in the brain. It also plays a crucial role in optimizing the function of the brain and generating energy to fuel these activities.

While it improves immunity, it also promotes nerve growth.

Some side effects include insomnia and stomach upsets.


Where Can You Buy Natural Adderall Alternatives?

Before you go out buying all these supplements, make sure you consult your doctor for advice and recommendations. Once you have the proper prescription, you can buy these Adderall alternatives from your local or online pharmacy.

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While Adderall is a worldwide recognized drug used to treat ADHD and improve focus, it has severe side effects. Owing to this, communities are looking for better and more natural alternatives.

These natural alternatives provide a safer treatment. However, they also could result in side-effects. These undesirable impacts make it very crucial that you consult your doctor before changing your prescription.

Finally, in your search for better Adderall replacements when treating hyperactivity, and inattention, always look for FDA-approved drugs.

Contact Us at Mango Clinic for FDA-approved ADHD medications or click the banner below to book your appointment.





There are several obvious ways in which unhealthy lifestyles can affect your mental and physical health. Nonetheless, there is one lifestyle issue whose effect is not so evident. This is loneliness. The definition of loneliness is somewhat vague to most people. In psychology, however, there are two types of loneliness; subjective and objective loneliness. Objective loneliness is the physical state of living alone or being socially isolated. Subjective loneliness is more of an emotional state of being alone rather than a physical state.

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Loneliness often follows the loss of a job, relationship, or close friends, a movement to a new location, or a change of schools and workplaces. It is characterized by self-doubt, decreased energy, appetite loss, anxiousness, craving for physical warmth, and substance misuse, among other destructive behaviors. Though most people do not pay as much attention to loneliness or even seek treatment for it, the condition can make you suffer from stress and weight loss. The following are some guidelines on a few of these ways.


It Increases Your Risk of Inflammation

2015 study reported that lonely people had high biomarkers of inflammation, lowered activity of their anti-viral genes, and increased activity of the inflammatory genes. This genetic activity has been linked to generations ago when human bodies viewed isolation and loneliness as threats. As such, the body activates its flight or fight response to handle the threat. The inflammation heralded by the increase of different genes is meant to protect your body from injury or disease. Even so, too much inflammation in the absence of a threat often leads to the formation of tumors.


Subjective and Objective loneliness are two types of loneliness.


It Heightens the Risk of Chronic Illness

In a 2017 study that included 40 subjects, researchers linked loneliness to an increased risk of chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular conditions. Lonely people in another study that considered the results of a 2012 Swiss health survey were also shown to be at a higher risk of high cholesterol, unhealthy lifestyles, and poor physical health compared to the general population.


Loneliness Lowers Your Sleep Quality

Optimal sleep is essential for your overall physical and mental wellbeing. According to studies in 2017 that considered 2000 twins, lonely young adults often have lower sleep quality than social ones. The findings of the study also pointed to loneliness being worsened by an experience of violence. A 2018 study that included 639 adults as respondents also concluded that isolation and loneliness affected the quality of sleep in study subjects.

Low quality sleep can make you suffer from insomnia. Click the button below to book your appointment.

It Has Been Linked to Depression

In most cases, people assume that depressed people are naturally lonely. This might, however, not be the case. Loneliness has been shown by a 2016 study among 1116 twin pairs to lead to depression. With depression currently among the leading causes of poor physical health, suicides, and self-destructive behaviors, increasing social connections as well as focusing on reducing subjective loneliness should be among the key tactics of battling depression.


Loneliness Affects Cognition

Experts have linked loneliness to a negative effect on how a person thinks. They have also shown that loneliness might cause issues with executive function, attention, cognitive function, and even increase your risk of contracting Alzheimer’s disease. One study that followed more than 12000 subjects for over ten years identified a noteworthy link between loneliness and the risk of getting dementia. According to the findings, lonely people have a 40% higher risk of getting dementia compared to others.


Health risks associated with loneliness.


It Increases Your Blood Pressure

Loneliness will raise the levels of your circulating stress hormones. These, in turn, make your body prepare for a fight or flight response. The preparation includes an increase in your blood pressure to push enough blood to your vital organs. Even so, since there is no threat to which your body is responding, the increased blood pressure undermines your circulatory system. Moreover, the heart has to constantly work harder to keep your blood pressure high. These effects result in constant high blood pressure that might need lifelong medication to manage.


It Increases the Risk of Premature Death

Premature death is described as death occurring before the average death age in a specific population. One study that included over 300,000 respondents considered the relationship between social relationships and the risk of mortality. It concluded that loneliness carried the same risk of mortality as smoking fifteen cigarettes daily.

Mental disorders can lead to premature death. Click the button below to book your appointment.


The line ‘’nobody wants to be lonely’’ might be from a pop song, but this is a universal truth. Furthermore, loneliness should not be ignored with its associated risks above. Even so, it is a complex diagnosis with different treatment options available for it nowadays. However, you should get your treatment from an accredited institution like Mango Clinic. This guarantees the diagnosis is made correctly and the treatment approaches instituted work for you. Moreover, professionalism when managing loneliness negates the side effects associated with some medications and treatment options for loneliness.

Talk to an expert physician at Mango Clinic for mental health issues or click the banner below to book your appointment.


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The CDC asserts that adults should have 7-9 hours of sleep daily. Nonetheless, research among U.S residents revealed that 25% of people battle insomnia annually. Thankfully, 75% of this population only has short-term insomnia. Some people, however, do not realize they are battling insomnia because they are not conversant with the disorder’s description.

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Insomnia is described as a difficulty in falling or/and staying asleep. In most cases, you will also wake up too early when suffering from insomnia. Acute insomnia lasts for a night to some weeks, while chronic insomnia occurs at least three nights per week and lasts for more than three months. Below are tidbits on the causes of insomnia and some treatment alternatives for it.


Causes of Insomnia

There are two types of insomnia, including primary and secondary. Secondary insomnia is linked to an underlying health condition, while primary insomnia has no underlying cause. Below are some of the common causes of different forms of insomnia:

Acute Insomnia:

This is caused by:

  • A change in environment
  • Stress
  • Excess light, temperature, or noise
  • Uncomfortable mattress or bed
  • Relationship difficulties
  • Psychological trauma
  • Jet lag
  • Medication
  • Exercise or watching TV before going to bed since these keep your brain stimulated


Insomnia is a sleep disorder.


Secondary Insomnia:

This commonly follows:

  • Medical conditions like back issues and arthritis that cause discomfort
  • Substance use
  • Psychological issues like debilitating anxiety and depression
  • Diabetes
  • Other sleep disorders like restless leg syndrome and sleep apnea
  • Long-term medication use like antihypertensives, hormonal drugs, and the anti-seizure medication
  • Nasal blockage or sinuses
  • Neurological issues like Parkinson’s

Other causes of insomnia include:

  • Age because sleep satisfaction often decreases as you grow older
  • Childhood behavioral issues
  • Acid reflux, nocturia, and disrupted breathing in pregnancy
  • Excessive alcohol, tobacco, or caffeine use

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Management Options for Insomnia

A doctor will diagnose insomnia after listening to your sleep and medical histories, then conducting a physical exam to rule out other issues. You might also be required to keep a sleep diary and have special tests at a sleep center. Below are the management options the doctor will recommend if you are diagnosed with insomnia:

1. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy {CBT}

The ACP {American College of Physicians} recommends cognitive behavioral therapy as the first-line treatment for adults with chronic insomnia. Part of the problem in insomnia arises from the fears and anxieties associated with insomnia, which make it hard to fall or stay asleep. CBT helps you cope with these anxieties and calm your mind to sleep.

2. Sleep Hygiene Training

In sleep hygiene training, a specialist will help you pick the behaviors and issues that might be causing your insomnia. The training will then focus on helping you change these disruptive behaviors. Some of the changes that might be suggested in sleep hygiene training include:

  • Avoiding caffeinated drinks, sugary or spicy foods, and exercise before bedtime.
  • Minimizing the time you spend on the bed when not sleeping, such as when watching television or surfing the internet.
  • Developing a consistent bedtime routine.
  • Avoiding daytime naps.
  • Keeping your bedroom sufficiently cool or warm and the bed comfortable.


Insomnia can make it hard to fall asleep.


3. Medications

In a few instances, medications might be needed to manage your insomnia. One common over-the-counter medication category used for insomnia management is an antihistamine like Benadryl. Even so, these medications only cause you to sleep as a side effect and come with a range of side effects, more so when used for a long time. As such, they should not be used without an expert’s input. Some of the prescription drugs used for the treatment of insomnia include:

  • Eszopiclone.
  • Zolpidem.
  • Benzodiazepines like diazepam, triazolam, and lorazepam.

Most medications used for insomnia can cause tolerance. This is a reduced effect of the medication when used for a long time. To minimize this risk, drugs are often used in combination with other treatments and not for long periods.

4. Melatonin Supplements

Melatonin is a hormone that your body naturally produces during the sleep cycle. There are now melatonin supplements that can be prescribed to mimic this natural hormone and help you fall asleep. While there is some evidence that the supplements will reduce the time it will take you to fall asleep, they should only be used for a short time because their long-term safety profile is inconclusive.

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Insomnia is not an issue that you should take lightly. When left untreated, the condition leads to difficulty in concentrating, mood changes, anxiety, irritability, and daytime fatigue, among other issues. The information above has hopefully increased your understanding of the causes and management alternatives for insomnia. You thus can now make an informed choice on managing insomnia. The management should, however, only be handled by trained specialists.

Contact us today at Mango Clinic or book an appointment to start your journey for getting quality sleep.


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Panic disorder (PD) affects close to 3% of the population. Since panic disorder symptoms are very common, most people may have actually experienced them without meeting the criteria for an intense panic attack. Unfortunately, it is a condition that could cause a negative health impact if it is neglected. That is why it is crucial to understand how to manage your thoughts and how to stop the disorder from destroying your life. In the next section, we will look at different ways panic disorder can ruin your life as well as how to stop it. But before that, it is essential to understand how the episodes occur. 

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How Does Panic Attack Occur? 

It usually occurs when you start feeling like something is fluttering around your stomach, breaking out in a cold sweat, trembling and shaking, or sensing impending danger for no apparent reason. In some cases, you may feel like you are going to die the next minute. While many people may experience these occurrences in specific situations, in many cases, they have no idea what triggers these experiences. 

This will lead you to avoid any situation that you fear and can cause an attack. In some cases, you may even feel embarrassed about these attacks. That is why some patients may not open up about the situation or pull away from family and friends to hide the situation. At worst, they may resort to alcohol as a coping mechanism. All these can ruin a person’s life. Seeking professional help will likely get you a lasting solution for calming a panic attack


Panic Disorder
Severe stress can cause panic attacks.


How Panic Disorder Can Ruin Your Life?

Panic disorder can affect so many areas of your life, but the following are the most critical ones: 

1. Relationships

When a person is afraid of having a panic attack, he/she may avoid personal and romantic relationships altogether. This causes them to avoid social situations. In some cases, they push people away because they feel like they will judge them. When this becomes a habit, they will likely date less or be left alone. This will, in turn, make them feel extremely lonely.

2. Family

Panic disorder may make you fearful of going out of your house or enjoying normal activities with your family. You are afraid of their safety as well as yours for unjustified reasons. Imagine not being able to accompany your spouse for dinner for fear of an attack? The sad reality is that you will continue to be a victim of PD until you decide to take control of the situation. 

3. Work

Another area that is likely to suffer as a result of panic disorder is productivity and relationships at work. People who have experienced a panic attack in the past will fear that an episode will occur when they are with their workmates. They fear that their colleagues will judge them as being weak. Ironically, most of the people who suffer from panic attacks are usually high achievers. They always strive for perfection, so they are not necessarily weak. The fear of attack may also make them avoid some phobias like driving in traffic. This means that attending work will be a struggle. 

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How to Stop a Panic Attack?

You could try any of these ways to calm a panic attack: 

  • Cooldown anxious thoughts: Thoughts like ‘this is awful’ will trigger attacks. Try to change what is possible and accept what you can’t change. 
  • Stay Positive: Have a positive mindset about yourself. Keep reminding yourself that you are a fighter. 
  • Exercise: Soothe your system with some yoga stretches or a gentle rub on your back.
  • Get Some Perspective: In most cases, attacks arise because you worry about many things. Filter out unimportant stuff, including small details that will not help you in the long run. 
  • Don’t Ignore PD: Panic attacks are an indicator that something needs attention. Get professional help to get your life back on track. 


Panic Attack
Medical conditions can also cause panic attacks.


When Should You Seek Help? 

If you have experienced panic attack symptoms such as excess sweating, rapid, pounding heart rate, nausea, hot flashes, fear of loss of control, abdominal cramping, headache, tingling sensation, chills, or detachment, then you should see a doctor as soon as possible. While panic episodes are not necessarily dangerous, they are uncomfortable. They are also hard to manage on your own. If you don’t seek medical attention, they may worsen over time.

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Since panic attack symptoms are almost close to those of other mental disorders or critical health issues such as heart attack, the doctor may carry out a number of tests such as a social anxiety test. After that, he/she will recommend different treatment options. The right medical treatment can help you identify the triggers, understand the underlying issues, and provide a big picture on how to stop a panic attack.  

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According to estimates from the National Alliance of Mental Illness, around 2.6% of people have bipolar disorder in the USA. Of these, 86% of the cases are severe. People with bipolar disorder have mood alterations of high {manic} periods and low {depressive} states. During the manic period, the person feels happy, is quite sociable, and has lots of energy. In the depressive period, he/she is socially withdrawn, has low energy levels, and often feels sad.

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The severe mood alterations associated with bipolar disorder can affect someone’s life, including his/her work, relationships, and sleep. Though there is currently no cure for the mood disorder, there are several methods of managing the condition so that a person lives free of its symptoms. Below are some options for managing bipolar disorder.


Lifestyle Management

When you carefully consider your lifestyle habits, you can keep your mood change episodes at a minimum. Some of the beneficial lifestyle habits to adopt include getting enough sleep, sticking to a healthy diet, exercising, and minimizing stress. People with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of engaging in addictive behaviors, with about 56% addicted to drugs or alcohol at some point. Practicing moderation will help you avoid addiction and minimize your bipolar disorder symptoms.



The optimal management of bipolar disorder requires a thorough understanding of the condition. When you and your loved ones understand what causes it, you can take deliberate steps to minimize its manic or depressive phases. There are a lot of online sites that will help you understand what bipolar disorder entails and the best way to manage it. Moreover, most hospitals now have support groups where you can learn from other people dealing with the same condition about strategies that will help you cope with bipolar disorder.


Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness.



Stress is one of the main things that can trigger a mood change in people with bipolar disorder. Keeping your stress levels under control is, therefore, essential. Psychotherapy techniques that help you cope with stress, regulate your mood, repair your relationships, and communicate your feelings are used by experts to manage bipolar disorder. Some of the techniques that a psychotherapist might use in your case include cognitive behavioral therapy {CBT}, family therapy, and social rhythm therapy.

Family therapy addresses issues that might trigger your mood change in a home environment while social therapy centers on establishing a stable social rhythm that will, in turn, stabilize your mood. CBT helps people with bipolar disorder examine the negative emotions and thoughts that trigger mood changes then change these into positive emotions or coping mechanisms.

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Day Treatment Programs

There are now day treatment programs for groups and individuals dealing with bipolar disorder. The programs include case management, peer support, daily living skills, and psychoeducation that will help you cope with the triggers that cause a mood change. Some day treatment programs also have housing and vocational support for people with additional needs.


Day Treatment Programs
Bipolar disorder can be treated.



Medications are the cornerstone of the management of bipolar disorder. The drug categories a doctor might prescribe to manage your symptoms include:

  • Antidepressants: These manage depressive episodes. Though they have been used extensively in the past, antidepressants are no longer routinely prescribed for bipolar disorder patients because of increased concern on their efficacy and safety.
  • Mood stabilizers: These will manage both depressive and manic episodes. Lithium is the most commonly used mood stabilizer for those with bipolar disorder. It is highly effective in the management of manic episodes. Even so, it is not the best choice for people who have rapid cycling or mixed episodes type of bipolar disorder. Other mood stabilizers include quetiapine and olanzapine.
  • Antipsychotics: These treat some of the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Some common examples include clozapine, risperidone, and ziprasidone.
  • Anticonvulsants: These reduce mood swings and relieve manic symptoms. They include carbamazepine, lamotrigine, topiramate, and valproic acid.

Other than these drug categories, your doctor might prescribe benzodiazepines to relieve agitation, insomnia, and anxiety in bipolar disorder patients. They are often used for a few weeks before mood stabilizers take effect.

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Complementary Treatments

There are also treatments that you can combine with the above approaches to better manage bipolar disorder symptoms. Some complementary treatments that have shown some promise in this regard include:

  • Light and dark therapy: This regulates a person’s biological rhythms, much like social rhythm therapy.
  • Acupuncture
  • Mindfulness meditation: This uses breathing exercises, yoga, and meditation to manage bipolar disorder symptoms.


With the right approaches, you can successfully manage bipolar disorder. The above alternatives might seem easy enough to institute or get from your nearest health center. Even so, they need an expert’s input because they should be customized to fit a patient’s needs. Book an appointment with the expert physicians at Mango Clinic to get a management approach that will work best for you. The professionals here will also consider different aspects to guarantee the management option you use has no or minimal side effects.

Expert physicians are here to help you with bipolar disorder. Contact Us now to book your appointment.


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Students with ADHD and similar learning difficulties struggle in the classroom. The recent shift from classroom instruction to distance learning, thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, has created further challenges to these learners. Educators and parents are finding it even harder to help students with ADHD to accomplish their learning goals. Here are seven remote learning challenges that ADHD patients encounter.

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Remote Learning Challenges for ADHD Patients

1. Lack of Structure at Home

ADHD students benefit significantly from having a structured learning schedule. It’s hard to recreate the classroom environment at home and have a predictable rhythm that the learners can follow. Remote learning is characterized by a lack of structure, which makes it difficult for ADHD learners to stick to schedules. To overcome this challenge, it’s best to schedule remote classes at the same time every day since this will enable the learners to structure their time and set schedules.

2. Distractions

Distractions are a challenge to remote learning, both for adults and kids. The situation can be even worse if the learner has ADHD. Typically, ADHD patients find it difficult to focus on tasks assigned to them, including learning activities. In an in-person classroom, it’s easier to minimize distractions and ensure that students fully concentrate. However, this isn’t easy in a virtual classroom.

Parcel delivery at home or a pet running across the room is likely to not only distract the ADHD learner but also his/her classmates. To ensure undivided attention, remote learners should be allocated quiet and dedicated rooms. The rooms should be locked so that those disruptive elements are kept at bay.


Distraction Can Divert Attention


3. Scheduling Difficulties

Scheduling an in-class session for ADHD learners can be a challenge. Planning a remote learning session will be an even more significant challenge. Getting the learners to commit to various synchronous and asynchronous activities remotely adds an extra layer of complexity.

When scheduling virtual classes for ADHD learners, teachers should liaise with parents to schedule upcoming classes and other related activities. This is the most effective way of getting students’ attention. Similarly, teachers should use learning management systems to plan and manage learning activities.

4. Lack of Motivation

ADHD patients have low levels of dopamine. This limits their brains’ ability to recognize and week out rewards, thus resulting in a lack of motivation. Typical classrooms are designed to support learning and boost students’ motivation. The same cannot be said of the home environment where distractions abound.

Similarly, the home environment is devoid of experts who can support and motivate the learners. Therefore, it shouldn’t come as a surprise when learners get tempted to opt-out. To maintain learners’ motivation, teachers and parents should set clear and measurable goals for them. This way, the learners will have something to motivate them.

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5. Lack of Accountability

Distance learning sessions are always characterized by diminished accountability in the sense that students can get away with behaviors that typically attract punitive measures in in-person classes. Moreover, it’s easy to set and forget online learning activities in a distance learning environment. Stripped of the classroom experience and face time, it’s easier for the ‘set and forget’ mode to creep in.

At best, you can only teach, assign tasks online, and hope for the best. If the culture of lack of accountability encroaches into your virtual class, quality learning will undoubtedly go on the backburner. Consequently, the attainment of learning outcomes will remain a mirage.

6. Falling Behind

In a physical classroom, instructors can easily monitor individual learners and adjust the pace to accommodate those who need extra attention. In a virtual classroom, it’s harder to pinpoint learners who need additional time. Learners tend to stay silent and put on a brave face, waiting for sessions to end to engage in more entertaining activities.

ADHD learners tend to feel discouraged and frustrated with virtual classes, which causes them to lag. To ensure that everyone is on the same page after each virtual class, instructors should create a supportive environment. Encourage ADHD learners to seek clarification and raise concerns whenever they feel left behind. Use texts and calls to follow up on students who appear to be struggling in class.


Dopamine Hormone

7. Isolation

Isolation can undermine the instructional strategies that are sometimes taken for granted in the classroom environment. For ADHD learners who are hyperactive and relish being in the classroom environment, remote learning can be lonely. They miss the classroom environment’s buzz and their peers’ company, which leaves them with a sense of isolation that gradually wears down their desire to learn. Instructors can overcome this challenge by scheduling and coordinating virtual group activities and regular check-ins with the learners.

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To Sum Up

Virtual learning presents a significant challenge for instructors and ADHD learners. The key to attaining the desired learning outcomes is proper planning and preparation. This will ensure that all students, including those with ADHD, learn at the same pace.

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