This family theory suggests that society is in a balanced state. This balanced state is managed by the functions of different parts of the community. Society can be analyzed just like you can study the human body by examining if different parts are working or not. Society gives practical and emotional support to all its members. It also provides essentials like clothing, food, and clothing to its members. The same society regulates sexual reproduction, sexual activities and also gives identity to the members. The family is the primary unit for teaching these norms via which sexual reproduction happens. The family has the purpose of ensuring that babies have the care and emotional support they require when growing up. For this reason, incest is considered taboo. Functionalism theory indicates that incest breeds conflict in a family; that’s why it is prohibited. Shreds of evidence of societal functioning processes include; marriage and divorce, romantic relationships, health care, community, population growth, peace, friendship, justice and injustice, and economic recovery.
The leading proponent of the conflict theory was Karl Max. The theory states that society comprises two main groups; the haves and the have-nots. The haves, also known as the bourgeoisie, grow their wealth at the expense of the have-nots, also known as the proletariat. There is a constant power struggle often won by the bourgeoisie, and the proletariat loses. The power amassed by stepping over the have-nots is usually institutionalized, becoming the authority. This authority often favors the rich, and that is how inequality in society is achieved. The conflict theory is adapted into the family setting where some kids make it to the group of the haves and others are in the category of the have-nots. This will breed inequality in the family and result in conflicts. Conflict theorists state that there are several inequalities found in a family setting. Society gives children an identity that does not alter their chances in life but makes up the structure of society. Most children inherit wealth and assets from their families. Since families differ in wealth, inequality is passed along through this inheritance. Just like family is a source of wealth, it can also breed conflict. Family is designed to offer peace, support, and comfort to its members, but most families generate friction from it. When family breeds conflict and violence, inequality is created.