If you’ve been diagnosed with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), your doctor may prescribe Adderall for you. This drug is prescribed to help improve your focus and concentration because it stimulates the nervous system. For this reason, it has the same effects on healthy people. Before you take Adderall, whether to treat ADHD or any other purpose, you need to understand its side effects.
Doing so is necessary so that if you experience anything out of the ordinary, you can report it to your doctor. However, if you take this drug as prescribed, you likely experience only positive effects. The side effects of Adderall can be dangerous if you take it and you don’t have ADHD. Things can get worse if you aren’t under the supervision of a qualified medical practitioner.
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The Action of Adderall
Adderall directly affects norepinephrine and dopamine, the two neurotransmitters that affect many chemical processes in the brain. For example, if you have ADHD, Adderall will improve your attention span, impulsive behavior, and hyperactivity. This drug and other stimulants can improve ADHD symptoms in adults by up to 70% and 70-80% in children. For better results, you can combine behavioral therapy with Adderall.
Adderall is available as capsules and tablets, so you can choose whichever is easy for you to swallow. What’s known about this drug is that it interferes with sleep, so you shouldn’t take it at night. Your healthcare provider will likely start you on a low dose then increase gradually as your body learns to tolerate it. Before taking Adderall for ADHD, make sure your healthcare provider knows about any physical or mental problems you suffer from.
Also, provide them with a list of all the OTC or prescription medications you are currently using. Finally, remember that the federal government controls the use of Adderall, meaning you can’t take it without supervision and prescription.
Effects of Adderall on the Central Nervous System (CNS)
When Adderall is prescribed for you, and you take it as instructed, it will positively affect your CNS. You’ll become calmer and more focused. It will also help you stay active and not feel sleepy. Still, you can feel side effects such as:
- Vision changes
- Slowed speech
- Dry mouth
- Problems staying or falling asleep
Adderall can also affect your sexual performance or sex drive. The extreme Adderall side effects include numbness or weakness on your limbs and fever. If you are allergic to this drug, your face, throat, or tongue may swell. Other adverse Adderall side effects are:
- Worsening anxiety, depression, or other mental health conditions
- Paranoia, hallucinations, or other thought-related problems
- Uncontrollable seizures, tics, or shaking
- If you give Adderall to your child, it may slow down the kid’s growth
After taking Adderall, contact your health provider immediately if you experience anything out of the ordinary.
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What Does Adderall Feel like without ADHD?
If you overuse, abuse, use Adderall if you don’t have ADHD, or withdraw from using it abruptly, you can experience effects such as:
- Suicidal thoughts
- Panic attacks
- Anxiety and irritability
- Sleep problems, insomnia, or too much sleeping
- Feeling uneasy
Note that severe side effects of Adderall abuse, including the symptoms of Adderall withdrawal, do not have any treatment. So if you experience these symptoms, immediately go to the emergency room.
Effects of Adderall on Your Respiratory and Circulatory Systems
Being a stimulant, Adderall can cause your blood vessels to constrict. Your blood pressure will shoot when this happens, thus increasing your heartbeat rate. Adderall may also affect blood circulation, in such a case, your fingers and toes will become painful or numb and may even turn red or blue.
In the worst case, Adderall can cause a stroke or heart attack. If your chest becomes painful or you experience breathing difficulty after taking Adderall, contact your healthcare provider immediately. Adderall can also cause death in people with heart problems.
Effect of Adderall on Your Digestive System
When you take Adderall, it will increase the level of glucose in your digestive system leading to:
- Constipation, or
- Stomach pain
Adderall may also lead to weight loss and loss of appetite. It is also known to slow weight gain in kids who take it.
Effect of Adderall on Your Integumentary System
The Integumentary System comprises the organs that form the outer layer of your body. Adderall causes allergic reactions in some people, causing the itchiness of the skin. This drug can also cause:
- Blistering skin
- A rash
If you experience any allergic reactions after taking Adderall, report to your doctor.
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Hopefully, your question, “How Does Adderall Work in People with ADHD?” has been answered adequately. However, it’s worth emphasizing that you should only take this drug when prescribed by a qualified doctor. Also, if you experience any adverse withdrawal symptoms of Adderall misuse, don’t hesitate to see your doctor.